Law Office Of Paul DePetris
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Car Fraud Facts

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WHAT IS NEW JERSEY CAR SALES FRAUD?
A significant amount of New Jersey consumer fraud violations are committed in the New Jersey car sales industry.   To attempt to combat this New Jersey consumer fraud, to promote the purposes of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act, the New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs adopted regulations regarding New Jersey car advertising and New Jersey car sales.  A New Jersey car dealer’s failure to follow the New Jersey car advertising or New Jersey car sales regulations may result in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.   The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations:
  • identify prohibited New Jersey car advertising practices prohibited as unlawful under the Consumer Fraud Act; 
  • require mandatory disclosure in New Jersey advertisements of certain information relating to advertised New Jersey cars
  • require on-site disclosures relating to advertised New Jersey cars.
WHAT NEW JERSEY CARS ARE COVERED BY THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT NEW JERSEY CAR REGULATIONS?
The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations apply to the following New Jersey cars:
  • new or used New Jersey cars -- vehicles driven otherwise than by muscular power, except vehicles running only upon rails or tracks.
  • offered for sale or lease and specifically identified by an advertised price.  
In this article, for simplicity’s sake, motor vehicles to which the Consumer Fraud Act applies are referred to as “New Jersey cars”.

In a New Jersey advertisement which offers a group of new or used vehicles for sale or lease covering a specified price range (for example, "1995 Metros for sale--$10,000 to 12,999," or "Lease a new Olds for $298 a month and up."), the least expensive New Jersey car in that advertised range is considered to be an advertised New Jersey car.

Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, the term "used motor vehicle" means any motor vehicle with an odometer reading of greater than 1,000 miles, except for a "demo".

Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, the term "demo" means a New Jersey car used exclusively by a dealer or dealer's employee that has never been titled and to which the new vehicle warranty still applies.

Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, the term "Advertised price" means the dollar amount required to purchase or lease a New Jersey car, advertised as:
  • The total price; or
  • The monthly payment price; or
  • The deferred payment price; or
  • A specific discount or savings on the manufacturer's suggested retail price.
WHAT NEW JERSEY ADVERTISEMENTS ARE COVERED BY THE NEW JERSEY CAR ADVERTISING REGULATIONS?
 
The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations apply to any of the following types of conduct involving any motor vehicle :
  • the attempt directly or indirectly by publication, dissemination, solicitation, indorsement or circulation or in any other way;
  • to induce directly or indirectly
  • any person to enter or not enter into any obligation or acquire any title or interest in any merchandise or to increase the consumption thereof or to make any loan.
For the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations to apply, the New Jersey advertisement must offer a New Jersey car for sale or lease at retail in any of the following:
Newspaper.
Periodical.
Pamphlet.
Circular
Other publication.
Paper.
Sign.
Radio or television broadcast.

For the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations to apply, the New Jersey advertisements must be: 
  • uttered, issued, printed, disseminated, published, circulated or distributed within New Jersey concerning New Jersey cars offered for sale or lease at locations exclusively within New Jersey; or 
  • uttered, issued, printed, disseminated, published, circulated or distributed to any substantial extent within New Jersey concerning New Jersey cars offered for sale or lease at locations within New Jersey and outside New Jersey, or at locations exclusively outside New Jersey.
An example of a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the advertising regulations would be a New Jersey car dealer's New Jersey advertisement of New Jersey cars "priced well below dealer invoice".

WHICH NEW JERSEY ADVERTISERS MUST FOLLOW THE NEW JERSEY CAR ADVERTISING REGULATIONS?
The following people must comply with the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations:
Any natural person or his legal representative, partnership, corporation, company, trust, business entity or association and any agent, employee, salesman, partner, officer, director, member, stockholder, associate, trustee or cestuis que trustent thereof;
who, in the ordinary course of business, is engaged in the New Jersey car sale, leasing or financing of New Jersey cars at retail; or 
who in the course of any 12 month period offers more than three New Jersey cars for sale or lease; or 
who is engaged in the brokerage of New Jersey cars whether for sale or lease and who causes an New Jersey advertisement to be made for the retail sale or lease of New Jersey cars.  "Broker" means a person who in the course of any 12 month period arranges or offers to arrange the retail sale or lease of more than three New Jersey cars from the inventory of other business entities.

Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, a "Dealer" means any person who, in the ordinary course of business, is engaged in the New Jersey car sale or leasing of New Jersey cars at retail or who in the course of any 12-month period offers more than three New Jersey cars for sale or lease at retail.
An advertising agency and the owner or publisher of a newspaper, magazine, periodical, circular, billboard or radio or television station acting on behalf of an New Jersey advertiser shall be deemed an New Jersey advertiser within the meaning of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, when the agency or owner's or publisher's staff prepares and places an New Jersey advertisement for publication.  The agency, owner, or publisher shall not be liable for a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations when reasonably relying upon data, information or material supplied by the person for whom the New Jersey advertisement is prepared or placed or when the violation is caused by an act, error or omission beyond the preparer's control, including but not limited to, the post-publication performance of the person on whose behalf such New Jersey advertisement was placed.

WHAT IS NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD BAIT AND SWITCH ADVERTISING?
The following New Jersey Consumer Fraud car advertising practices are unlawful "bait and switch" advertising under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act:
The New Jersey advertisement of a New Jersey car as part of a plan or scheme not to sell or lease it or not to sell or lease it at the advertised price.
Without limiting other means of proof, the following shall be prima facie evidence of a plan or scheme not to sell or lease a New Jersey car as advertised or not to sell or lease it at the advertised price:
o Refusal to show, display, sell, or lease the advertised New Jersey car in accordance with the terms of the New Jersey advertisement, unless the vehicle has been actually sold or leased during the period of publication; in that case, the New Jersey advertiser shall retain records of that sale or lease for 180 days following the date of the transaction, and shall make them available for inspection by the Division of Consumer Affairs.
o Accepting a deposit for an advertised New Jersey car, then switching the purchaser to a higher-priced New Jersey car, except when the purchaser has initiated the switch as evidenced by a writing to that effect signed by the purchaser.
o The failure to make delivery of an advertised New Jersey car, then switching the purchaser to a higher-priced New Jersey car; except when the purchaser has initiated the switch as evidenced by a writing to that effect signed by the purchaser.

WHAT INFORMATION MUST A NEW NEW JERSEY CAR SALE ADVERTISEMENT INCLUDE?
In any New Jersey advertisement in which an New Jersey advertiser offers a new New Jersey car for sale at an advertised price, the following information must be included:
The New Jersey advertiser's business name and business address;
A statement that "price(s) include(s) all costs to be paid by a consumer, except for licensing costs, registration fees, and taxes".  If the statement appears as a footnote, it must be set forth in at least 10 point type.  Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, "all costs to be paid by a consumer" means manufacturer-installed options, freight, transportation, shipping, dealer preparation, and any other costs to be borne by a consumer except licensing costs, registration fees, and taxes;
The manufacturer's suggested retail price as it appears on the Monroney label, clearly denominated by using the abbreviation "MSRP";
The year, make, model, and number of engine cylinders of the advertised New Jersey car;
Whether the transmission is automatic or manual; whether the brakes and steering mechanism are power or manual; and whether the vehicle has air conditioning, unless those items are standard equipment on the advertised New Jersey car.  This provision shall not apply to New Jersey advertisements for motorcycles;
The last eight digits of the vehicle identification number, preceded by the letters "VIN".  This provision shall not apply to radio and television broadcasts, or to New Jersey advertisements for motorcycles; and
A list of any dealer installed options on the advertised New Jersey car and the retail price of each, as determined by the dealer.

A dealer’s failure to provide this information results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.

WHAT INFORMATION MUST A USED NEW JERSEY CAR SALE ADVERTISEMENT INCUDE?
In any New Jersey advertisement offering for sale a used New Jersey car at an advertised price, the following information must be included:
The New Jersey advertiser's business name and business address;
A statement that "price(s) include(s) all costs to be paid by a consumer, except for licensing costs, registration fees, and taxes".  If the statement appears as a footnote, it must be set forth in at least 10 point type.  Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, "all costs to be paid by a consumer" means manufacturer-installed options, freight, transportation, shipping, dealer preparation, and any other costs to be borne by a consumer except licensing costs, registration fees, and taxes;
The year, make, model, and number of engine cylinders of the advertised New Jersey car;
Whether the transmission is automatic or manual; whether the brakes and steering mechanism are power or manual; and whether the vehicle has air conditioning, unless those items are standard equipment on the advertised New Jersey car.  This provision shall not apply to New Jersey advertisements for motorcycles;
The last eight digits of the vehicle identification number, preceded by the letters "VIN".  This provision shall not apply to radio and television broadcasts, or to New Jersey advertisements for motorcycles; and
A list of any dealer installed options on the advertised New Jersey car and the retail price of each, as determined by the dealer.
The actual odometer reading as of the date the New Jersey advertisement is placed for publication; and
The nature of prior use unless previously and exclusively owned or leased by individuals for their personal use, when such prior use is known or should have been known by the New Jersey advertiser.

A dealer’s failure to provide this information results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.


WHAT INFORMATION MUST A DEMO NEW JERSEY CAR SALE ADVERTISEMENT INCLUDE?
In any New Jersey advertisement offering a "demo" for sale, the following information must be provided:
The New Jersey advertiser's business name and business address;
A statement that "price(s) include(s) all costs to be paid by a consumer, except for licensing costs, registration fees, and taxes".  If the statement appears as a footnote, it must be set forth in at least 10 point type.  Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations, "all costs to be paid by a consumer" means manufacturer-installed options, freight, transportation, shipping, dealer preparation, and any other costs to be borne by a consumer except licensing costs, registration fees, and taxes;
The manufacturer's suggested retail price as it appears on the Monroney label, clearly denominated by using the abbreviation "MSRP";
The year, make, model, and number of engine cylinders of the advertised New Jersey car;
Whether the transmission is automatic or manual; whether the brakes and steering mechanism are power or manual; and whether the vehicle has air conditioning, unless those items are standard equipment on the advertised New Jersey car.  This provision shall not apply to New Jersey advertisements for motorcycles;
The last eight digits of the vehicle identification number, preceded by the letters "VIN".  This provision shall not apply to radio and television broadcasts, or to New Jersey advertisements for motorcycles; and
A list of any dealer installed options on the advertised New Jersey car and the retail price of each, as determined by the dealer.
Identification as a "demo"; and
The actual odometer reading as of the date the New Jersey advertisement is placed for publication.

A dealer’s failure to provide this information results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.


WHAT INFORMATION MUST A NEW OR USED NEW JERSEY CAR LEASE NEW JERSEY ADVERTISEMENT INCLUDE?
In any New Jersey advertisement offering a new or used New Jersey car for lease at an advertised price, the following information shall be included:
That the transaction advertised is a lease;
The amount of any payment required at the inception of the lease or that no payment is required if that is the case;
The number, amounts, due dates or periods of scheduled payments and the total of such payments under the lease;
A toll-free number that may be used by consumers to obtain the following information (and if the New Jersey advertiser decides to use a full disclosure format in a written New Jersey advertisement, then this information shall be prominently displayed in at least 10 point type and must be easy to find, read and understand):
The New Jersey advertiser's business name and address;
Identification of the transaction as a lease;
Whether or not the advertised price refers solely to a business lease;
Whether it is an open-end or closed-end lease;
The number, amounts, due dates or periods of scheduled payments and the total of such payments under the lease;
All other itemized payments such as security deposits or capitalized cost reduction required at the initiation of the lease;
The cost of the lease which shall include the sum of The number, amounts, due dates or periods of scheduled payments and the total of such payments under the lease and all other itemized payments such as security deposits or capitalized cost reduction required at the initiation of the lease;
The manufacturer's suggested retail price as it appears on the Monroney label; when given in writing to the consumer, clearly denominated by using the abbreviation "MSRP";
A statement that "price(s) include(s) all costs to be paid by the consumer, except for licensing, registration and taxes." When given in writing to the consumer, it must be set forth in at least 10 point type;
Whether the lessee has the option to purchase the advertised New Jersey car and at what price and time; the method of determining the price may be substituted for disclosure of the price;
The amount (including termination charge, if any) or method of determining any liability imposed upon the lessee at the end of the term and a statement that the lessee shall be liable for the difference, if any, between the estimated value of the leased New Jersey car and its realized value at the end of the lease term, if the lessee has such liability;
A statement of the items included as standard equipment on the advertised New Jersey car;
Whether the transmission is automatic or standard; whether the brakes and steering mechanism are power or manual and whether the vehicle has air conditioning, unless such items are included under the statement of the items included as standard equipment on the advertised New Jersey car.   This provision shall not apply to motorcycles;
The year, make, model and number of engine cylinders of the advertised vehicle;
The last eight digits of the vehicle identification number or "VIN." This provision shall not apply to motorcycles;
If the advertised vehicle is a used vehicle, the actual odometer reading at the date of placing the New Jersey advertisement for publication; and the nature of prior use, unless previously and exclusively owned or leased by individuals for their personal use, when such use is known or should have been known by the New Jersey advertiser; and
If the advertised vehicle is a "demonstration vehicle" or "demo," identification of the vehicle as a "demonstration vehicle" or "demo;" and the actual odometer reading at the date of placing the New Jersey advertisement for publication.

The business name and, if an individual dealer, the address of the New Jersey advertiser.
In all written New Jersey advertisements the information required above shall be prominently displayed in at least 10 point type and shall be easy to find, read and understand.


An New Jersey advertisement which is not in writing shall clearly and audibly state the required information at a decibel level equal to the highest decibel level used in the New Jersey advertisement and at a speed equal to or slower than any other statement contained in the New Jersey advertisement.  

In a television broadcast, the information shall be prominently and conspicuously displayed for at least five continuous seconds for each model advertised.

The toll free number required above shall be operational not later than the date on which the New Jersey advertisement is broadcast or published.  The New Jersey advertiser shall:
Maintain the toll free number for 48 hours after the last day of the New Jersey advertisement;
Ensure that the toll free number is operational from 9:00 A.M. to 9:00 P.M. Monday through Saturday;

The New Jersey advertiser shall provide the following information in a clear and audible manner, to any person who calls the toll free number and if requested, provide the information required below in written form to be mailed, postage paid, to the consumer's address:
The New Jersey advertiser's business name and address;
Identification of the transaction as a lease;
Whether or not the advertised price refers solely to a business lease;
Whether it is an open-end or closed-end lease;
The number, amounts, due dates or periods of scheduled payments and the total of such payments under the lease;
All other itemized payments such as security deposits or capitalized cost reduction required at the initiation of the lease;
The cost of the lease which shall include the sum of the number, amounts, due dates or periods of scheduled payments and the total of such payments under the lease and all other itemized payments such as security deposits or capitalized cost reduction required at the initiation of the lease;
The manufacturer's suggested retail price as it appears on the Monroney label; when given in writing to the consumer, clearly denominated by using the abbreviation "MSRP";
A statement that "price(s) include(s) all costs to be paid by the consumer, except for licensing, registration and taxes." When given in writing to the consumer, it must be set forth in at least 10 point type;
Whether the lessee has the option to purchase the advertised New Jersey car and at what price and time; the method of determining the price may be substituted for disclosure of the price;
The amount (including termination charge, if any) or method of determining any liability imposed upon the lessee at the end of the term and a statement that the lessee shall be liable for the difference, if any, between the estimated value of the leased New Jersey car and its realized value at the end of the lease term, if the lessee has such liability;
A statement of the items included as standard equipment on the advertised New Jersey car;
Whether the transmission is automatic or standard; whether the brakes and steering mechanism are power or manual and whether the vehicle has air conditioning, unless such items are included under the statement of the items included as standard equipment on the advertised New Jersey car.  This provision shall not apply to motorcycles;
The year, make, model and number of engine cylinders of the advertised vehicle;
The last eight digits of the vehicle identification number or "VIN." This provision shall not apply to motorcycles;
If the advertised vehicle is a used vehicle, the actual odometer reading at the date of placing the New Jersey advertisement for publication; and the nature of prior use, unless previously and exclusively owned or leased by individuals for their personal use, when such use is known or should have been known by the New Jersey advertiser; and
If the advertised vehicle is a "demonstration vehicle" or "demo," identification of the vehicle as a "demonstration vehicle" or "demo;" and the actual odometer reading at the date of placing the New Jersey advertisement for publication.

A dealer’s failure to provide this information results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.

In any type of New Jersey Consumer Fraud car advertising, the following practices results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act:
The use of any type size, location, lighting, illustration, graphic depiction or color so as to obscure or make misleading any material fact;
The setting forth of an advertised price which has been calculated by deducting a down payment, trade-in allowance or any deductions other than a manufacturer's rebate and dealer's discount;
The setting forth of an advertised price which fails to disclose, adjacent to the advertised price, that it has been calculated by deducting a manufacturer's rebate or dealer's discount;
The failure to state all disclaimers, qualifiers, or limitations that in fact limit, condition, or negate a purported unconditional offer (such as a low APR or high trade-in amount), clearly and conspicuously, next to the offer and not in a footnote identified by an asterisk.  Such disclosure shall be made verbally in a radio or television New Jersey advertisement.  Identical information pertaining to all New Jersey cars in a group of advertised New Jersey cars, however, may appear in a footnote, provided the type is no smaller than 10 point;
The failure to state the applicable time period of any special offer, in at least 10-point type immediately adjacent to the special offer, unless the special offer is a manufacturer's program;
The use of the word "free" when describing equipment or other item(s) to be given to the purchaser or lessee of a New Jersey car, if the "free" item has a value which has increased the advertised price.  In using the word "free" in advertising, the New Jersey advertiser shall comply with the Federal Trade Commission Rule, 16 CFR § 251, and any amendments thereto;
The failure to disclose that the New Jersey car had been previously damaged and that substantial repair or body work has been performed on it when such prior repair or body work is known or should have been known by the New Jersey advertiser; for the purposes of this subsection, "substantial repair or body work" shall mean repair or body work having a retail value of $1,000 or more;
The use of the terms "Public Notice", "Public Sale", "Liquidation", "Liquidation Sale", or terms of similar import, where such sale is not required by court order or by operation of law or by impending cessation of the New Jersey advertiser's business;
The use of terms such as "Authorized Sale", "Authorized Distribution Center", "Factory Outlet", "Factory Authorized Sale", or other term(s) which imply that the New Jersey advertiser has an exclusive or unique relationship with the manufacturer;
The use, directly or indirectly, of a comparison to the dealer's cost, inventory price, factory invoice, floor plan balance, tissue, or terms of similar import; or the claim that the advertised price is "wholesale" or "at no profit";
The use of the terms "guaranteed discount", "guaranteed lowest prices" or other term of similar import unless the New Jersey advertiser clearly and conspicuously discloses the manner in which the guarantee will be performed and any conditions or limitations controlling such performance; this information shall be disclosed adjacent to the claim and not in a footnote;
The use of The statement "We will beat your best deal", or similar term or phrase if a consumer must produce a contract that the consumer has signed with another dealer or lessor in order to receive the "better" deal;
The use of such terms or phrases as "lowest prices", "lower prices than anyone else" or "our lowest prices of the year", or similar terms or phrases if such claim cannot be substantiated by the New Jersey advertiser.

WHAT TYPE OF INFORMATION MUST BE DISCLOSED IN CREDIT AND INSTALLMENT SALE VEHICLE ADVERTISEMENTS?

The following information must be stated in any credit and installment sale advertising and appear adjacent to the description of the advertised New Jersey car and not in a footnote or headline, unless the information is the same for all New Jersey cars advertised.  If in a footnote, it must be in at least 10-point type.  
The total cost of the installment sale, which shall include the down payment or trade-in or rebate, if any, plus the total of the scheduled periodic payments;
The annual percentage rate;
The monthly payment figure and the number of required payments; and
The amount of any down payment or trade-in required or a statement that none is required.

The following New Jersey Consumer Fraud car advertising practices concerning credit and installment sale advertisements are unlawful:
The advertising of credit, including but not limited to such terms as "easy credit" or "one-day credit", other than that actually provided by the New Jersey advertiser on a regular basis in the ordinary course of business;
The use or statement of an installment payment on any basis other than a monthly basis.

A dealer’s failure to provide this information results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.

WHAT TYPE OF DISCLOSURES MUST A NEW JERSEY CAR DEALERSHIP MAKE AT ITS DEALERSHIP?
The following information relating to an advertised New Jersey car must be provided at the main entrance(s) to the business premises where the New Jersey car is displayed or in proximity to the vehicle or on the vehicle itself:
A  copy of any printed New Jersey advertisement that quotes a price for the New Jersey car sale or lease of that vehicle; alternatively, a tag may be attached to the New Jersey car(s) stating the advertised price as well as the other information required mandatory disclosure requirements in all New Jersey advertisements for the New Jersey car sale or lease of New Jersey cars.
A fuel economy label, if required by the Federal law known as the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act, 15 U.S.C. § 2006; and
The Used Car Buyers Guide, if required by the Federal Trade Commission's Used Car Rule, 16 C.F.R. Part 455.2.


A dealer shall not advertise a new New Jersey car which does not have the Monroney label, if required by the Federal law known as the New Jersey car Information Disclosure Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1231-1233.


A dealer’s failure to provide this information results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.


WAT TYPE OF RECORDS MUST A NEW JERSEY CAR DEALER KEEP REGARDING ITS NEW JERSEY ADVERTISEMENTS? 
An New Jersey advertiser shall have a New Jersey car advertised for sale on premises and available for sale at the advertised price during the period of publication or a record of the New Jersey car sale of that vehicle at the advertised price or less during that period.  

An New Jersey advertiser shall have a New Jersey car advertised for lease available for lease at the advertised price during the period of publication, or a record of the lease of that vehicle at the advertised price or less during that period.  Such record shall consist of all applicable New Jersey advertisements and a copy of the executed contract with the purchaser or lessee of the vehicle; this documentation shall be maintained for 180 days after the transaction and shall be made available for inspection by the New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs.

If the New Jersey car is sold or leased during the period of publication, the New Jersey advertiser must so notify consumers who inquire by telephone or in person.
A dealer’s failure to provide this information results in a New Jersey Consumer Fraud violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.

WHAT TYPE OF SALES PRACTICES ARE ILLEGAL UNDER THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT?
Certain sales practices are illegal under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act for New Jersey car dealers -- any natural person or his legal representative, partnership, corporation, company, trust, business entity or association and any agent, employee, salesman, partner, officer, director, member, stockholder, associate, trustee or cestuis que trustent thereof who, in the ordinary course of business, is engaged in New Jersey car sales  at retail or who in the course of any 12 month period offers more than 3 New Jersey cars for sale, lease, or rental or who is engaged in the brokerage of New Jersey cars whether for sale, lease or rental.  


The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act New Jersey car regulations contain the following definitions:
“Documentary service fee" -- any monies or other thing of value which a New Jersey car dealer accepts from a consumer in exchange for the performance of certain documentary services which include, but are not limited to, the preparation and processing of documents in connection with the transfer of license plates, registration, or title, and the preparation and processing of other documents relating to the New Jersey car sale of a New Jersey car to said consumer;
"Pre-delivery service fee" -- any monies or other thing of value which a New Jersey car dealer accepts from a consumer in exchange for the performance of pre-delivery services upon a New Jersey car, and includes, but is not limited to, items which are often described or labeled as dealer preparation, vehicle preparation, predelivery service, handling and delivery, or any other term of similar import;
"Sales document" -- the first document a New Jersey car dealer utilizes to evidence an order for, deposit towards, or contract for the purchase of a New Jersey car by a consumer, and includes but is not limited to, retail orders, sales invoices, sales contracts, retail installment contracts, and other documents of similar import.


The following practices involving pre-delivery service fees in New Jersey car sales by New Jersey car dealers are violations of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act:
Accepting, charging, or obtaining from a consumer monies, or any other thing of value, in exchange for the performance of any pre-delivery service for which the New Jersey car dealer receives payment, credit, or other value from any person or entity other than a retail purchaser of the New Jersey car;
Accepting, charging, or obtaining from a consumer monies, or any other thing of value, in exchange for the performance of any pre-delivery service without first itemizing the actual pre-delivery service which is being performed and setting forth in writing on the New Jersey car sales document the price for each specific pre-delivery service;
Except in connection with the New Jersey car sale of used New Jersey cars, failing to conspicuously place upon the front of the New Jersey car sales document which contains a pre-delivery service fee, in ten-point bold face type, the following statement:  "You have a right to a written itemized price for each specific pre-delivery service which is to be performed.  The New Jersey car dealer may not charge for pre-delivery services for which the New Jersey car dealer is reimbursed by the manufacturer."

The following practices involving documentary service fees in New Jersey car sales by New Jersey car dealers are violations of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act:
Accepting, charging, or obtaining from a consumer monies, or any other thing of value, in exchange for the performance of any documentary service without first itemizing the actual documentary service which is being performed and setting forth in writing on the New Jersey car sale document the price for each specific documentary service; or
Representing to a consumer that a governmental entity requires the New Jersey car dealer to perform any documentary service;
Failing to conspicuously place upon the front of the New Jersey car sales document which contains a documentary service fee, in ten-point bold face type, the following:  "You have a right to a written itemized price for each specific documentary service which is to be performed."

IF I AM A NEW JERSEY VICTIM OF NEW JERSEY CAR SALES FRAUD, CAN I DO ANYTHING ABOUT IT?
Whenever there is a fraud in the execution or consideration of a New Jersey contract, the New Jersey car sales fraud victim defrauded at any time thereafter may institute a New Jersey lawsuit to recover the money owing on such New Jersey contract although, by its terms, the debt contracted or the money secured to be paid thereby is not then due or payable; and the New Jersey fraud victim may, upon discovery of the fraud, either rescind the New Jersey contract entirely and recover the money or property obtained by the fraud, or, sue on the New Jersey contract to recover thereon.

In certain situations, a New Jersey plaintiff could assert that, since the New Jersey contract was the product of fraud, a New Jersey plaintiff is entitled to rescind the New Jersey contract and/or to recover the money and/or lien on property obtained under same.

New Jersey contract rescission is the equivalent of New Jersey contract cancellation.  It is an equitable remedy which is only available in limited circumstances.  Aside from situations where parties consent to New Jersey contract rescission, New Jersey contracts may normally only be rescinded where there is either original invalidity, fraud, failure of consideration, a material breach or default.  Even where grounds for New Jersey contract rescission exist, the remedy is discretionary in nature.   New Jersey contract rescission will not be granted where the party seeking same has not acted within a reasonable time or where substantial performance has already occurred.  Indeed, delay in the rescission of a New Jersey contract is evidence of an election to treat a New Jersey contract as valid.  However, the duty to rescind a New Jersey contract does not first arise until the party seeking New Jersey contract rescission discovers the grounds for same.  To grant New Jersey contract rescission, a New Jersey court must be able to return the parties to their position before they entered into the New Jersey contract.  Accordingly, a party cannot usually simply rescind a New Jersey contract and at the same time keep possession of goods or services received under the New Jersey contract.  To complete a New Jersey contract rescission following partial performance, the party seeking to rescind the New Jersey contract must return or tender the consideration previously received.  New Jersey contracts are subject to rescission where they are obtained by fraud.   Indeed, the very existence of a fraudulently procured New Jersey contract causes damage, so that where fraud is found, damage may be presumed.  In the absence of actual fraud, undue influence or misrepresentation, New Jersey contract rescission will not be permitted.  

A unilateral mistake of a fact unknown to the other party to a New Jersey contract is not ordinarily grounds for New Jersey contract rescission.  To qualify for such relief, a party must show special circumstances justifying a departure from the generally controlling principle that parties are bound by the New Jersey contracts they make for themselves.  Accordingly, the circumstances providing for New Jersey contract rescission due to a unilateral mistake fact are:  [1] the mistake is of such a great consequence that to enforce the New Jersey contract as actually made would be unconscionable; [2] the matter as to which the mistake was made must relate to the material feature of the New Jersey contract; the mistake must have occurred notwithstanding the exercise of reasonable care by the party making the mistake; and [4] the requested New Jersey contract rescission cannot cause serious prejudice to the other party, except for loss of bargain.  

WHEN IS A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT INVALID BECAUSE IT WAS ENTERED INTO THROUGH FRAUD?
In the absence of a trust or confidential relationship, statements of opinion or matters of judgment, though known to be false when actually made, do not constitute New Jersey fraud.  However, false representations as to material elements of the New Jersey contract are grounds for rescission.  Fraudulent misconduct is not excused by the credulity or negligence of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud victim or by the fact that the New Jersey Consumer Fraud victim might have discovered the New Jersey Consumer Fraud through prior investigation.  

Purposeful concealment can be as destructive as an affirmative false statement.  There exists a duty upon a New Jersey party to a New Jersey contract to disclose to the other New Jersey party facts basic to the transaction if the first party knows that the other is about to enter into the transaction under a mistake as to the facts and that the other, because of the relationship between the parties, the customs of the trade or other objective circumstances, would reasonably expect disclosure of the facts.  Where such a duty to speak exists, the failure to speak constitutes unfair conduct likely to cause harm.  An unconscionable bargain is one such as no person in their senses and not under delusion would make and as no honest and fair person would accept.  

WHAT REMEDIES ARE AVAILABLE TO NEW JERSEY FRAUD VICTIMS WHO SIGN FRAUDULENT NEW JERSEY CONTRACTS? 
Whenever there is a fraud in the execution or consideration of a New Jersey contract, the New Jersey fraud victim at any time thereafter may institute a civil action, to recover the money owing on such New Jersey contract although, by its terms, the debt contracted or the money secured to be paid thereby is not then due or payable; and the New Jersey Consumer Fraud victim may, upon discovery of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud, either rescind the New Jersey contract entirely and recover the money or property obtained by the New Jersey Consumer Fraud, or, sue on the New Jersey contract to recover thereon.

In certain situations, a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff could assert that, since the New Jersey contract was the product of New Jersey Consumer Fraud, a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff is entitled to rescind the New Jersey contract and/or to recover the money and/or lien on property obtained under same.

New Jersey contract rescission is the equivalent of New Jersey contract cancellation.  It is an equitable remedy which is only available in limited circumstances.  Aside from situations where parties consent to New Jersey contract rescission, New Jersey contracts may normally only be rescinded where there is either original invalidity, fraud, failure of consideration, a material breach or default.  Even where grounds for New Jersey contract rescission exist, the New Jersey remedy is discretionary in nature.   New Jersey contract rescission will not be granted where the party seeking same has not acted within a reasonable time or where substantial performance has already occurred.  Indeed, delay in the rescission of a New Jersey contract is evidence of an election to treat a New Jersey contract as valid.  However, the duty to rescind a New Jersey contract does not first arise until the party seeking New Jersey contract rescission discovers the grounds for same.  To grant New Jersey contract rescission, a New Jersey court must be able to return the parties to their position before they entered into the New Jersey contract.  Accordingly, a New Jersey party cannot usually simply rescind a New Jersey contract and at the same time keep possession of goods or services received under the New Jersey contract.  To complete a New Jersey contract rescission following partial performance, the party seeking to rescind the New Jersey contract must return or tender the consideration previously received.  New Jersey contracts are subject to rescission where they are obtained by fraud.   Indeed, the very existence of a fraudulently procured New Jersey contract causes damage, so that where fraud is found, damage may be presumed.  In the absence of actual fraud, undue influence or misrepresentation, New Jersey contract rescission will not be permitted.  

A unilateral mistake of a fact unknown to the other New Jersey party to a New Jersey contract is not ordinarily grounds for New Jersey contract rescission.  To qualify for such relief, a New Jersey party must show special circumstances justifying a departure from the generally controlling principle that parties are bound by the New Jersey contracts they make for themselves.  Accordingly, the circumstances providing for New Jersey contract rescission due to a unilateral mistake fact are:  [1] the mistake is of such a great consequence that to enforce the New Jersey contract as actually made would be unconscionable; [2] the matter as to which the mistake was made must relate to the material feature of the New Jersey contract; the mistake must have occurred notwithstanding the exercise of reasonable care by the party making the mistake; and [4] the requested New Jersey contract rescission cannot cause serious prejudice to the other New Jersey party, except for loss of bargain.  

HOW DO I PROVE FRAUD IN A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE?
Under New Jersey common law, there are two types of New Jersey common law fraud:  New Jersey equitable fraud and New Jersey legal fraud.  To prove a claim for New Jersey common law equitable fraud, a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff must show the following:
a material misrepresentation of a presently existing or past fact;
made with the intent that a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff rely upon it; and
detrimental reliance by a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff. 

Even an innocent misrepresentation can constitute New Jersey equitable fraud justifying rescission of a New Jersey contract.  But the only remedy available for New Jersey equitable fraud is equitable in nature:  rescission or reformation of the New Jersey contract.  

To prove a claim for New Jersey common law legal fraud, a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff must show the following:
a material misrepresentation of a presently existing or past fact;
knowledge or belief by a New Jersey Consumer Fraud defendant of its falsity;
made with the intent to mislead the a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff; 
that such misrepresentation was justifiably relied upon by a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff; and 
that a New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff sustained damages therfrom.

NEW JERSEY ORAL CONTRACT NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT CASES AND NO CONTRACT NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT CASES FAQS

DOES THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT APPLY TO ORAL CONTRACTS?
You don’t always need a written contract to have a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act case.
The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act applies equally to both oral misrepresentations & written ones.
Not every erroneous statement is an affirmative misrepresentation prohibited by the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act.  
To constitute an affirmative misrepresentation, the statement must be:
o a statement of fact made contemporaneously with the formation of the bargain;
o material to the transaction;
o made to induce the New Jersey buyer to make the New Jersey purchase; and
o found to be false.
The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claimant does not have to receive the misrepresentation to have standing.
If the misrepresentation is made to someone acting as the New Jersey consumer’s agent & the agent was thereby induced into entering into a New Jersey contract with the merchant, the New Jersey consumer has standing to bring a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claim. 

DO I HAVE TO HAVE A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT TO HAVE A NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT CASE?
You don’t always need a New Jersey oral or written contract to have a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act case.
Privity of contract = having a New Jersey contract with someone else.
Privity of contract is not a prerequisite to New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act standing.
If representations are made in connection with the New Jersey sale of merchandise, indirect promises are actionable.
Parties may conclude a New Jersey contract for the New Jersey sale of goods notwithstanding whether they agreed upon a price.  
The absence of privity of contract no longer bars a buyer from reaching through the chain of distribution to a product’s manufacturer.
But absence of a New Jersey contract may affect a New Jersey party’s amount of New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act damages.  


EXAMPLES OF CASES WHERE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD CLAIMANTS DID NOT HAVE VALID NEW JERSEY CONTRACTS BUT HAD POTENTIAL NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT CASES
The post-repossession conduct of the assignee of retail installment New Jersey car sales contract who is not in privity with a New Jersey Consumer Fraud victim.
A New Jersey car, New Jersey truck and New Jersey SUV New Jersey buyer sued an New Jersey used car dealership for misrepresentation of the advertisement for sale of a New Jersey car, New Jersey truck or New Jersey SUV at a specific price.  Even though the parties never entered into a binding agreement, claimant’s recovered the difference between the New Jersey car, New Jersey truck or New Jersey SUV’s advertised price & that provided via a subsequent offer. 
A New Jersey car, New Jersey truck and New Jersey SUV New Jersey buyer placed a phone order with an New Jersey used car dealer but never executed a New Jersey contract for the New Jersey car, New Jersey truck and New Jersey SUV’s purchase.
New Jersey buyers of a New Jersey home infested with termites brought a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claim against various parties, including the seller’s real estate broker. Since the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act granted a remedy to any person suffering any New Jersey ascertainable loss caused by a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violation, claimants were entitled to relief for losses sustained from the selling broker’s concealment of termite damage.
A builder failed to construct a house on New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiffs’ lot & after the construction stalled, the property owners sued the builder for damages.  At a proof hearing, New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiffs failed to establish the existence of an enforceable contract.
Residents of a development’s second phase brought New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claims against a builder & bank for flooding of second phase property caused by development of third phase authorized after alleged misrepresentations & omissions to the planning board.  The alleged New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violations were committed “in connection with the New Jersey sale of real estate” &   sufficient nexus existed between alleged misrepresentations & flooding.
New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claims against successor landlord stepping into shoes of the original landlord that contracted with the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claimants were viable, notwithstanding the fact that the claims arose after the New Jersey consumers’ tenancies commenced.

WHAT REMEDIES ARE AVAILABLE TO NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD VICTIMS?
Cancellation or New Jersey fraudulent debts.
New Jersey Consumer Fraud treble damages for New Jersey ascertainable loss of money or property caused by the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act Violation.
New Jersey attorney’s fee award for prosecuting the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act Violation or defending against lawsuits by contractors to collect a fraudulent debt.
New Jersey Consumer Fraud refund of money lost due to the contractor’s New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act Violation.


ARE NEW JERSEY CONTRACTS THAT VIOLATE THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT ABLE TO BE CANCELLED? 
New Jersey contracts that violate the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act and New Jersey debts that are caused by violations of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act may be cancelled by a New Jersey court.  Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act, fraudulent debts are subject to cancellation via the equitable relief afforded to New Jersey Consumer Fraud victims.
If a merchant violates the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act so as to render the contract unenforceable, the merchant is typically precluded from recovering any profit for the services rendered & instead, might only recover via quantum meruit, if at all. 
Even recovery via quantum meruit is questionable, as those who commit New Jersey Consumer Fraud should not profit from their misconduct.
Before filing suit on behalf of a merchant seeking to collect debts that may be the product of New Jersey Consumer Fraud, attorneys should warn their clients in writing of the possibility that, if the debt is found to be the product of New Jersey Consumer Fraud, the suit may result in their:
o recovering nothing or far less than the amount sought; 
o facing a judgment for their New Jersey consumer’s fees & costs in defending the collection action, regardless of proof of any New Jersey ascertainable loss ; & 
o Facing New Jersey Consumer Fraud treble damages for causally related New Jersey ascertainable loss.

WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OF NEW JERSEY DEBTS THAT ARE NOT ABLE TO BE COLLECTED BECAUSE THE BUSINESS OWED THE DEBT VIOLATED THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT?
The following are some examples of New Jersey debts that are not able to be collected because the business owed the debt violated the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act:
Temporary help service firm not registered as a temporary help service firm with the Attorney General, sued another temporary help service firm for breach of contract for failure to pay for the first firm’s subcontractors’ services. 
NJ corporation recruiting & placing temporary computer consultants which was not registered as a temporary help service firm with the Attorney General, entered into an employment agreement with a computer consultant & sued him when he left the job.
Mechanic’s efforts to collect on an outstanding bill via a counterclaim. Notwithstanding complete good-faith in performance, mechanic committed per se New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violations of the automotive repair New Jersey Consumer Fraud regulations. mechanic’s efforts to collect on an outstanding bill via a counterclaim. Notwithstanding his being an impressive witness & showing complete good-faith in the performance of the parties’ agreement, the mechanic committed per se New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violations of the automotive repair New Jersey Consumer Fraud regulations & the New Jersey consumer recovered New Jersey Consumer Fraud treble damages, fees & costs. 
Unlicensed landscape irrigation contractor sued to collect an unpaid bill for a sprinkling system.  The collection complaint was dismissed & the New Jersey consumer obtained a New Jersey Consumer Fraud refund & an award of fees & costs.
Owner of cleaning & restoration franchise specializing in mitigating damage following a fire or flood filed a collection action.  New Jersey Consumer Fraud plaintiff’s failure to provide a written estimate & obtain a written authorization placed the cost of his services in doubt. 


NEED HELP WITH YOUR NEW JERSEY CASE?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!!  Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case.  Not all New Jersey cases require you to pay expensive legal fees to get legal help.  


WHY SHOULD NEW JERSEY PRO SE PLAINTIFFS AND NEW JERSEY PRO SE DEFENDANTS SEEK HELP FROM A NEW JERSEY LAWYER?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!!   Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants make the mistake of not consulting a New Jersey lawyer before filing New Jersey Court papers only to later learn that the New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants made serious mistakes that could cause them to lose their New Jersey case.  Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case.  


CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT PERSONNEL FOR LEGAL ADVICE?
New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees.  Most New Jersey Court employees are not trained New Jersey attorneys and therefore, they may not know what advice to give you.  Working at the New Jersey Court as a non-judge is not the same as practicing law. 


CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT FORMS PROVIDED BY THE NEW JERSEY COURT?
The New Jersey Court usually provides certain types of New Jersey Court legal forms to the public and those forms are often very helpful.  However, beware relying on New Jersey Court forms provided by the New Jersey Court – the New Jersey Court forms are often deceptively simple, while New Jersey cases often are much more complex than they first appear to be.   There is simply no substitute for a competent New Jersey attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey who has experience handling New Jersey cases.  New Jersey Court forms don’t talk and New Jersey Court forms and their directions rarely, if ever, cover every possible situation, set of facts or legal issue that may arise in a New Jersey case.  Each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges.   If you can afford a competent New Jersey attorney, it is best to have the New Jersey attorney prepare your New Jersey Court paperwork for you.  


CAN I HANDLE A NEW JERSEY CASE MYSELF?
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants can and do successfully handle New Jersey cases, from filing the first paperwork to the collection of a New Jersey Court judgment.  However, many other New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants also make mistakes that lead to the dismissal of their New Jersey cases or that result in the entry of a New Jersey Court money judgment against them.  The greater the money at stake, the greater the reason to consider using the services of a competent attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey to handle part or all of the New Jersey case.  The following are reasons to use an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case:
New Jersey Court fees often change
New Jersey Court rules often change
New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees
New Jersey Court forms available on websites may not cover every situation you may face in Court
each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges
it is very common for New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants to file inadequate or incorrect New Jersey Court complaints that result in the New Jersey Court complaints or answers to New Jersey Court complaints being rejected by the New Jersey Court or being dismissed by the New Jersey Court after filing and before or after trial because of procedural deficiencies.   
it is not uncommon for judges to get very frustrated by an unrepresented party’s lack of preparation or ignorance of the facts or law of the New Jersey case.  
a Court has the power to punish unprepared New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants, such as by throwing their New Jersey case out of Court or limiting what they can present at the New Jersey Court trial.  
New Jersey has many published cases, laws, regulations, Court rules and rules of evidence that can be very tricky to understand and that can be used to prevent you from doing much of what you want to do at the New Jersey Court trial.  
it is very common for Courts to refuse to allow a party to use or refer to documents or items at the New Jersey Court trial that the person themselves never prepared.  Often New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants stumble into New Jersey Court with a video, photograph, bill or affidavit or other form of written statement, thinking they are going to use it as proof that they lost money or that they are not responsible for someone else’s damages, only to have a New Jersey Court judge tell the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants that it is not going to even consider such items or documents.  
without the proper preparation, items and documents may never be considered by the New Jersey Court.  Also, if there are any legal issues to be dealt with at the New Jersey Court trial, you must be prepared to argue them, which may require you to refer to Court rules, evidence rules, laws, regulations or published cases.  
you cannot show up at the New Jersey Court expecting the judge hearing your New Jersey case to explain Court rules, evidence rules, Court procedure or the details of the law that applies to your New Jersey case.  The judge hearing your New Jersey case is not permitted to give you legal advice.


It is important to remember that even if you have an attorney, you could lose your New Jersey case.  Hiring an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case does not guarantee your success.  However, it may provide what is needed to win your New Jersey case or to avoid certain mistakes.


DOES THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HAVE EXPERIENCE HANDLING NEW JERSEY CASES?
Yes.  Paul DePetris has performed the following tasks:
handled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey, from Bergen County New Jersey to Cumberland County New Jersey, including representations of individuals, small businesses and large corporations.
settled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey.
reviewed many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
enforced many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
provided New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants with New Jersey Court legal advice and prepared New Jersey Court legal forms
prepared and filed many New Jersey Court complaints 
tried New Jersey Court jury trials
mediated many New Jersey cases
argued New Jersey Court motions
handled New Jersey Court proof hearings
handled New Jersey Court post judgment collection proceedings


Mr. DePetris has appeared before the Superior Court of New Jersey in the following counties:
Atlantic County New Jersey Court 
Bergen County New Jersey Court
Burlington County New Jersey Court
Camden County New Jersey Court
Cape May County New Jersey Court
Cumberland County New Jersey Court
Essex County New Jersey Court
Gloucester County New Jersey Court
Hudson County New Jersey Court
Mercer County New Jersey Court
Middlesex County New Jersey Court
Monmouth County New Jersey Court
Morris County New Jersey Court
Ocean County New Jersey Court
Passaic County New Jersey Court
Salem County New Jersey Court
Somerset County New Jersey Court
Sussex County New Jersey Court
Union County New Jersey Court
Warren County New Jersey Court 


IN WHAT NEW JERSEY COUNTIES WILL THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HANDLE NEW JERSEY CASES?
The Law Office of Paul DePetris offers to handle and help individuals and businesses with New Jersey Court Claims cases in North, Central and Southern New Jersey, including cases in the following New Jersey counties: 
Atlantic County New Jersey Court 
Bergen County New Jersey Court
Burlington County New Jersey Court
Camden County New Jersey Court
Cape May County New Jersey Court
Cumberland County New Jersey Court
Essex County New Jersey Court
Gloucester County New Jersey Court
Hudson County New Jersey Court
Mercer County New Jersey Court
Middlesex County New Jersey Court
Monmouth County New Jersey Court
Morris County New Jersey Court
Ocean County New Jersey Court
Passaic County New Jersey Court
Salem County New Jersey Court
Somerset County New Jersey Court
Sussex County New Jersey Court
Union County New Jersey Court
Warren County New Jersey Court 


WHAT IF I DON’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO HIRE AN ATTORNEY TO HANDLE MY NEW JERSEY CASE FROM BEGINNING TO END?
In many situations, the Law Office of Paul DePetris offers alternatives to handling New Jersey cases for an hourly fee, such as by offering to handle your New Jersey case up to trial for a fixed fee or to help you handle your New Jersey case by yourself.  Such flexible methods may allow you to keep the amount legal fees you spend on your New Jersey case to a fixed sum, while providing you the help you need to handle your New Jersey case.  For a no obligation phone consultation about what the Firm might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris.    

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