Law Office Of Paul DePetris
paul@newjerseylemon.com

New Jersey Debt Collection case facts

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The information in this article is only for New Jersey Law Division, Civil Part cases and not for other New Jersey court cases, such as those in New Jersey Special Civil Court, New Jersey Small Claims Court or New Jersey Chancery Court!!! Do not use this article if you have a New Jersey Special Civil Court, New Jersey Small Claims Court or New Jersey Chancery Court case!!! Also, no website is a substitute for competent advice from a New Jersey lawyer!

Warning – this article does not necessarily include each and every New Jersey court rule that may apply to your New Jersey case! The Law Office of Paul DePetris does not guarantee that the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website are the latest versions of the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms, that they lack typographical errors or that they have not been amended, repealed or superseded by other federal or state law. The New Jersey Statutes, United States Statutes, New Jersey Administrative Code and Federal Code in this database are not annotated. Accordingly, this database may include laws that: (1) never became operable due to unmet conditions; (2) expired; (3) were repealed or amended; (4) were declared void by a court of law; (5) or are otherwise invalid. Further, effective dates of the laws are not necessarily included in the database. Accordingly, you should not rely upon the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website contained in this database for any purpose and before taking any legal measures, you instead should read all applicable federal and state source law and case law and consult with an attorney for any changes in the laws. Be certain to cross reference all applicable rules before preparing, filing or serving any papers!!! For example, Special Civil Part Rules often cross reference other rules – rules that apply to Special Civil Part Cases as well as to other types of civil cases not being heard in Special Civil Part.

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY LAWSUIT?
A New Jersey lawsuit is a New Jersey civil Court case filed in the New Jersey Court – a branch of the New Jersey Superior Court. In a New Jersey case, a person or business that claims they are owed money damages files a New Jersey lawsuit against the person or business that supposedly owes the damages at a New Jersey Courthouse. The New Jersey lawsuit usually seeks the recovery of money damages from the person or business who allegedly owes the money damages. The purpose of a New Jersey lawsuit is normally for the New Jersey plaintiffs – the persons or businesses filing the New Jersey lawsuit – to recover a money judgment against the New Jersey defendants identified in the New Jersey lawsuit (called a New Jersey “complaint”).

WHAT ARE NEW JERSEY DEBT COLLECTION LAWSUITS?
New Jersey debt collection lawsuits are a type of New Jersey case filed in the New Jersey Court in which a company or person who claims they are owed money (creditor) files a New Jersey debt collection lawsuit against a company or person (debtor) that the creditor claims owes them money. New Jersey debt collection cases usually involve a credit card, other type of credit or loan or a variety of other types of contracts for the sale of goods or services in New Jersey or by or with someone located in New Jersey or doing business in New Jersey. Many New Jersey debt collection lawsuits involve a New Jersey individual or New Jersey business buying goods or services from a New Jersey business selling those goods or services.

WHAT TYPES OF NEW JERSEY DEBT COLLECTION CASES ARE USUALLY FILED IN NEW JERSEY COURT?
Any of the following types of New Jersey debt collection cases are filed in New Jersey:
• New Jersey credit card lawsuits
• New Jersey business contract lawsuits
• New Jersey personal loan lawsuits and New Jersey personal guarantee lawsuits
• New Jersey consumer loan lawsuits
• New Jersey bill collection lawsuits
• New Jersey home repair contract lawsuits and New Jersey home improvement contract lawsuits in which the New Jersey home repair contractor or New Jersey home improvement contractor seeks to recover an unpaid New Jersey home repair contract or New Jersey home improvement contract bill
• New Jersey security deposit disputes

HOW DO I FILE A NEW JERSEY DEBT COLLECTION LAWSUIT?
You may file a New Jersey Debt collection lawsuit – called a “complaint” -- by preparing a written New Jersey complaint and New Jersey case information statement and filing it by either visiting the New Jersey Superior Courthouse or appropriate New Jersey Court Finance Office in the appropriate New Jersey County Court where you intend to file the New Jersey Court complaint – all of which are located in the appropriate New Jersey County Court seat of the appropriate New Jersey County Court -- or by sending the necessary New Jersey paperwork to the appropriate New Jersey County Court office of the New Jersey Court. You must pay a fee to file your New Jersey Court complaint. The New Jersey Court fees often change, so it is important that you check with the New Jersey Court as to the appropriate fee when you are actually ready to file your papers. Only persons age 18 or older are able to file a New Jersey Court complaint for themselves (minors must file a lawsuit through their parent or guardian). There are specific New Jersey Court rules about where to file New Jersey Court complaints, which depend on various considerations. New Jersey Court jury trials complaint forms are available at the appropriate office of the New Jersey Court and via the worldwide web. However, neither New Jersey Court forms, websites nor advice from Court personnel are good substitutes for a competent New Jersey lawyer’s legal services. Each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges. It is extremely important that you prepare your New Jersey Court complaint very carefully and make sure that you include in the document a detailed list of all factual and legal reasons why you may have a right to win your New Jersey case, since failure to do so could cause you to lose your New Jersey case. It is very common for New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants to file inadequate or incorrect New Jersey Court complaints that result in the New Jersey Court complaints or answers to New Jersey Court complaints being rejected by the New Jersey Court or being dismissed by the New Jersey Court after filing and before or after trial because of procedural deficiencies. If you are not represented by a New Jersey attorney in a New Jersey case, you are called a “pro se litigant”. Most complaints filed New Jersey Court that go to trial are New Jersey Court nonjury trials, meaning that only a judge hears the New Jersey case. If you act in a certain time frame by timely preparing and filing a New Jersey jury demand, you may demand a trial by 6 jurors. New Jersey Court jury trials are much more complex than New Jersey Court nonjury trials and usually require much more preparation, including extensive New Jersey paperwork. However, a New Jersey Court jury trial demand may result in the facts of your New Jersey case being decided by a jury of ordinary New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants rather than by a single judge. Even where a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant requests a New Jersey Court jury trial, the legal issues in the New Jersey Court trial are normally decided by the judge hearing the New Jersey case.

WHAT HAPPENS IF THE NEW JERSEY DEBT COLLECTION LAWSUIT INVOLVES A CORPORATION, PARTNERSHIP OR LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY?
The officers of corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies and the like cannot generally appear New Jersey Court in New Jersey cases involving disputes exceeding $3,000 since the corporation, partnership or limited liability company must usually be represented by a New Jersey attorney. There may be some exceptions to this rule, such as where the New Jersey case involves a summary action for possession of premises. Also, if you sue a company and the company represents itself at the New Jersey Court trial and you thereafter win the New Jersey case and recover a New Jersey Court judgment, it is possible that the company shall get the New Jersey Court judgment overturned because they were not permitted to appear in New Jersey Court for themselves in the first place!

IF I AM A NEW JERSEY PLAINTIFF OR DEFENDANT IN NEW JERSEY COURT, WILL THE OTHER SIDE HAVE A NEW JERSEY ATTORNEY?
If you are not represented by a New Jersey attorney in a New Jersey case, you are called a “pro se litigant”. While New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants can and often do represent themselves New Jersey Court, their opponent may be represented by a New Jersey attorney, which often places the unrepresented New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant at a major disadvantage. If possible, hire a New Jersey attorney to at least prepare any necessary Court New Jersey paperwork and if you can afford it, to also appear and represent you in New Jersey Court at any motions or trials. The proper preparation of legal papers and preparation of a New Jersey case for trial often requires knowledge of legal issues that only attorneys have. Court New Jersey Court rules and evidence New Jersey Court rules are often complex and accordingly, are often difficult to follow. New Jersey trials can be very complex and time consuming – sometimes they take all day or more than one day to complete. New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants who are not attorneys licensed to practice law in New Jersey are not able to give you legal advice about New Jersey disputes that are heard by New Jersey Courts, regardless of whether the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants work for a New Jersey Court or work for a New Jersey attorney.

IF THE OTHER SIDE HIRES A NEW JERSEY ATTORNEY IN MY NEW JERSEY CASE, SHOULD I DEAL WITH THE ATTORNEY OR THEIR CLIENTS?
If a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant is represented by a New Jersey attorney in a New Jersey Court dispute, you must generally avoid having oral or written contact regarding the New Jersey case with the represented New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant and instead, must make all communications involving the New Jersey case through the represented New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant’s attorney.

WHAT HAPPENS AFTER THE NEW JERSEY COURT COMPLAINT IS FILED?
After the New Jersey complaint filing fee is paid and the New Jersey Court complaint is filed, if you gave the New Jersey court a stamped self addressed envelope and an extra copy of the New Jersey complaint and New Jersey track assignment notice that4 you gave to the New Jersey court to file, the New Jersey court should return to you a time stamped filed New Jersey copy of the complaint along with a New Jersey Track Assignment Notice and you must prepare a New Jersey summons and include the New Jersey case docket number assigned to the New Jersey case on that New Jersey summons. Next, normally the New Jersey plaintiff must get a New Jersey process server to personally serve the New Jersey complaint, New Jersey case information statement and New Jersey Track Assignment Notice on each and every New Jersey defendant. If the New Jersey process server is successful in filing the New Jersey complaint, you need to get a New Jersey affidavit of service from them stating that they served the New Jersey complaint and make sure it is filed with the New Jersey court at which you filed the New Jersey complaint.

WHAT IS NEW JERESY DISCOVERY IN NEW JERSEY CASES?
New Jersey discovery is a period of fact finding, which occurs after your New Jersey lawsuit is filed or after your New Jersey answer is filed and before you have your New Jersey trial. During New Jersey discovery, New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants seek information about the New Jersey case. The information sought during discovery may include a wide range of information, from copies of New Jersey records to New Jersey witness statements. Unless otherwise limited by a New Jersey court order, New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants may obtain New Jersey discovery regarding any matter, not privileged, which is relevant to the subject matter involved in the pending action, whether it relates to the New Jersey claim or New Jersey defense of the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking discovery or to the claim or defense of any other party, including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition and location of any books, documents, electronically stored information, or other tangible things and the identity and location of persons having knowledge of any discoverable matter. It is not ground for objection that the information sought will be inadmissible at the trial if the information sought appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence; nor is it ground for objection that the examining party has knowledge of the matters as to which discovery is sought. The methods of investigation used during discovery include New Jersey interrogatories, New Jersey request for production of documents, New Jersey notice to produce documents and New Jersey admissions which are also called New Jersey request for New Jersey admissions. To get a better understanding of the facts surrounding the case, New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants may serve New Jersey interrogatories, New Jersey request for production of documents, New Jersey notice to produce documents and New Jersey request for New Jersey admissions. These are forms of New Jersey written discovery, which require the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant served with them to answer in writing the New Jersey interrogatory questions, New Jersey admission questions and requests for documents. The New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant that receives the written requests has a certain number of days to answer them. If a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant fails to answer the New Jersey requests in the time allotted, their New Jersey lawsuit or answer to the New Jersey lawsuit can be dismissed or suppressed or in the case of New Jersey admissions, the claims can be admitted conclusively against the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant that failed to answer the New Jersey requests.

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT?
A New Jersey default is the first step to obtaining a New Jersey default judgment in a New Jersey case.
A New Jersey default can be entered in a New Jersey case if a New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant against whom a New Jersey complaint or New Jersey counterclaim fails to take certain action in their New Jersey case. There are many types of New Jersey defaults.

NEW JERSEY DEFAULTS ENTERED FOR A NEW JERSEY DEFENDANT’S FAILURE TO FILE A NEW JERSEY ANSWER TO A NEW JERSEY COMPLAINT
When a New Jersey plaintiff files a New Jersey complaint or a New Jersey defendant files a New Jersey counterclaim, the New Jersey defendant who is named on the New Jersey complaint or New Jersey plaintiff named in the counterclaim only has a certain amount of time under the New Jersey Court rules to file a New Jersey answer to the New Jersey complaint or New Jersey counterclaim. If the time expires and no New Jersey answer is filed and the New Jersey plaintiff that filed a complaint or New Jersey defendant that filed the New Jersey counterclaim sends the New Jersey court a New Jersey request to enter a default, the New Jersey court enters the default against the nonanswering New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant. Once a New Jersey Default is entered against a New Jersey defendant or New Jersey plaintiff facing a New Jersey counterclaim, that New Jersey defendant or New Jersey plaintiff is unable to file a New Jersey answer to the New Jersey complaint or New Jersey counterclaim. New Jersey defaults are also secured for failure to answer New Jersey third party complaints.

NEW JERSEY DEFAULTS ENTERED FOR A NEW JERSEY PLAINTIFF OR NEW JERSEY DEFENDANT’S FAILURE TO APPEAR AT A NEW JERSEY TRIAL
A New Jersey Default may also be entered on a New Jersey complaint, New Jersey counterclaim or New Jersey third party complaint or New Jersey defendant complaint if a New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant defending against a New Jersey complaint, New Jersey counterclaim or New Jersey third party complaint or New Jersey defendant complaint fails to appear at a New Jersey trial.

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT?
New Jersey default judgment is the decision by a New Jersey Court whereby the New Jersey Court enters relief in favor of one New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant and against another New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant. A New Jersey default judgment is usually entered after a New Jersey default is entered for a New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant’s failure to take certain actions in a New Jersey case. There are many types of New Jersey default judgments.

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY MONEY JUDGMENT?
A New Jersey Money Judgment is a Judgment entered against a New Jersey defendant on a New Jersey complaint or entered against a New Jersey plaintiff on a New Jersey counterclaim for a specific amount of money. It may be entered after the granting of a New Jersey summary Judgment motion or after the entry of a New Jersey default Judgment or after the entry of a New Jersey verdict following a New Jersey trial at which one New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant wins their case for monetary damages. The person who is granted or awarded the New Jersey Judgment is the New Jersey Judgment creditor and the person who owes the New Jersey Judgment is the New Jersey Judgment debtor.

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT?
A New Jersey Default Judgment is a New Jersey Judgment entered against a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant on a New Jersey complaint, New Jersey counterclaim or New Jersey third party complaint once a New Jersey default is entered against the New Jersey plaintiff, New Jersey defendant or New Jersey third party defendant. Once the New Jersey Court enters a New Jersey default against a New Jersey defendant, a New Jersey Default Judgment is entered by the New Jersey Court if a New Jersey plaintiff properly completes and files New Jersey Default Judgment paperwork with the New Jersey Court.

NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENTS ENTERED FOR FAILING TO FILE A NEW JERSEY ANSWER
A New Jersey Default Judgment may entered on a New Jersey complaint, New Jersey counterclaim or New Jersey third party complaint when the New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant against whom the New Jersey complaint, New Jersey counterclaim or New Jersey third party complaint is filed fails to file a New Jersey answer to the New Jersey complaint New Jersey counterclaim or New Jersey third party complaint on time and pay the proper New Jersey filing fee. Getting a New Jersey default judgment requires the filing of New Jersey Default Judgment paperwork with the New Jersey Court.

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT ENTERED FOR FAILURE TO ANSWER NEW JERSEY INTERROGATORIES OR FOR FAILURE TO ANSWER A NEW JERSEY REQUEST FOR DOCUMENTS?
A New Jersey Default Judgment may also be entered on a New Jersey complaint, New Jersey counterclaim or New Jersey third party complaint when a New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant fails to answer New Jersey interrogatories or a New Jersey request for documents on time and the New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant serving the New Jersey interrogatories or a New Jersey request for documents files a New Jersey motion to strike the New Jersey answer with prejudice (fully and finally instead of merely temporarily) or a New Jersey motion to suppress the New Jersey answer with prejudice (fully and finally instead of merely temporarily) or a New Jersey motion to strike the New Jersey complaint with prejudice (fully and finally instead of merely temporarily). When New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants ignore New Jersey interrogatories and New Jersey requests for documents, bad things can and should happen to the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants failing to answer the New Jersey interrogatories and New Jersey requests for documents as a punishment for the failures.

HOW DO I GET A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT?
If you are a New Jersey plaintiff, after you file a New Jersey complaint, you wait 35 days for a New Jersey answer to be filed. Once the New Jersey Court serves the New Jersey complaint, the New Jersey Court sends the New Jersey plaintiff a postcard stating the New Jersey default date in the New Jersey case. Once the New Jersey default date passes, if the New Jersey defendant fails to file a New Jersey answer and pay the proper fee for filing the New Jersey answer in time, the New Jersey clerk will automatically enter a New Jersey default on the New Jersey Court’s records. Similar things should happen when New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants file New Jersey counterclaims and New Jersey third party complaint or New Jersey defendant complaints.

HOW DO I GET A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT?
Once the New Jersey Court enters a New Jersey default or if a New Jersey complaint, New Jersey answer or New Jersey third party complaint or New Jersey defendant complaint is stricken or suppressed with prejudice for a New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant’s failure to answer New Jersey interrogatories or failure to answer a New Jersey request for documents, a New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant that secures a New Jersey default against another New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant may file New Jersey paperwork with the New Jersey Court asking the New Jersey Court to enter a New Jersey default judgment. There are two types of New Jersey default judgment requests – one for a sum certain or that by computation can be made certain and one for a sum that the New Jersey Court must determine. Regardless of the type of New Jersey default judgment requested under the New Jersey Court New Jersey Court rules, New Jersey law and federal law (the Servicemembers’ Civil Relief Act (SCRA) 50 U.S.C. § 521, its New Jersey counterpart, N.J.S.A. 38:23C-4, and R. 1:5-7), the New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking a New Jersey default judgment must file a New Jersey affidavit of nonmilitary service or New Jersey certification of nonmilitary service with any New Jersey default judgment request.

GETTING A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT FOR A SUM CERTAIN OR THAT BY COMPUTATION CAN BE MADE CERTAIN
If the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking the judgment has a claim for a sum certain or for a sum that can by computation be made certain, the New Jersey clerk on request of the New Jersey plaintiff or the New Jersey defendant seeking the entry of a default judgment may enter a New Jersey default judgment upon submission of a New Jersey affidavit setting forth a particular statement of the items of the claim, their amounts and dates, a calculation in figures of the amount of interest, the payments or credits, if any, and the net amount due, shall sign and enter judgment for the net amount and costs against such defendant, if not a minor or mentally incapacitated person. If New Jersey prejudgment interest is demanded in the New Jersey complaint the New Jersey clerk shall add that interest to the amount due provided the New Jersey affidavit of proof states the date of breach. If the New Jersey judgment is based on a document of obligation that provides a rate of interest, New Jersey prejudgment interest shall be calculated in accordance therewith; otherwise it shall be calculated in accordance with Rule 4:42-11(a). If the New Jersey claim is founded upon a note, check or bill of exchange or is evidenced by entries in the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant requesting the New Jersey judgment’s book of account, or other records, a copy thereof shall be attached to the New Jersey affidavit. If the New Jersey application for entry of default judgment is made after the expiration of six months following the entry of default, notice thereof shall be given to the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant against whom the New Jersey judgment is sought by ordinary mail, and proof of service thereof shall accompany the application. Information about how to make New Jersey motions appears elsewhere on this website.

GETTING A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT FOR A SUM THAT THE NEW JERSEY COURT MUST DETERMINE
If a New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeks a New Jersey default judgment for a sum that is not certain or for a sum that cannot by computation be made certain (including certain claims for statutory punitive or common law punitive damages and certain claims for attorney’s fees and costs), the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant entitled to a New Jersey judgment by default shall apply to the New Jersey Court therefor by filing a New Jersey motion to enter default judgment, also called a New Jersey motion for the entry of default judgment, which is served on all New Jersey parties to the New Jersey action, including the defaulting defendant or the representative who appeared for the defaulting defendant. No New Jersey judgment by default shall be entered against a minor or mentally incapacitated person unless that person is represented in the action by a guardian or guardian ad litem who has appeared therein. If, to enable the New Jersey court to enter a New Jersey judgment or to carry it into effect, it is necessary to take an account or to determine the amount of damages or to establish the truth of any allegation by evidence or to make an investigation of any other matter, the New Jersey court, on its own New Jersey motion or at the request of a party on notice to the defaulting defendant or defendant's representative, may conduct such proof hearings with or without a jury or take such proceedings as it deems appropriate. The notice of New Jersey proof hearing shall be by ordinary mail addressed to the same address at which process was served unless the party entitled to judgment has actual knowledge of a different current address for the New Jersey defaulting defendant. New Jersey proof of service of the New Jersey notice of motion and notice of any proof hearing shall certify that the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking the default has no actual knowledge that the defaulting defendant's address has changed after service of original process or, if the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking the judgment has such knowledge, the proof shall certify the underlying facts. In New Jersey tort actions involving multiple New Jersey defendants whose percentage of liability is subject to comparison and actions in which fewer than all defendants have defaulted, default judgment of liability may be entered against the defaulting New Jersey defendants but such questions as the New Jersey defendants' respective percentages of liability and total damages due the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking the judgment shall be reserved for the New Jersey trial or other final disposition of the New Jersey action. If application is made for the entry of New Jersey judgment by default in deficiency suits or claims based directly or indirectly upon the sale of a chattel which has been repossessed, the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking the New Jersey judgment shall prove before the New Jersey court the description of the property, the amount realized at the sale or credited to the New Jersey defendant and the costs of the sale. In New Jersey actions for possession of land, however, the New Jersey court need not require proof of title by the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking the judgment. If application is made for the New Jersey entry of judgment by default in negligence actions involving property damage only, proof shall be made as provided by R. 6:6-3(c).Information about how to make New Jersey motions appears elsewhere on this website.

HOW DO PREPARE A NEW JERSEY AFFIDAVIT OF NONMILITARY SERVICE OR NEW JERSEY CERTIFICATIONOF NONMILITARY SERVICE OR GET A NEW JERSEY AFFIDAVIT OF NONMILITARY SERVICE OR NEW JERSEY CERTIFICATIONOF NONMILITARY SERVICE?
This step is one of the most difficult parts of obtaining a New Jersey default judgment since it requires you to have confidential information about a New Jersey defendant. If the New Jersey defendant is a business and not an individual, you should state that information on your New Jersey affidavit or New Jersey certification and that should be sufficient to prove the information required, since businesses cannot serve in the United States military. If you do not have the social security number of the New Jersey defendant and they are an individual and not a business, it may be easiest to order a New Jersey affidavit of nonmilitary service from a reputable private company online that provides New Jersey affidavits of nonmilitary service. The Department of Defense Manpower Data Center maintains a public website that allows individuals to search for information regarding military status on New Jersey defendants. Users must know the social security number and the last name of the New Jersey defendant whose military status is to be verified. Without all of that information, that website may be useless to the requesting New Jersey Plaintiff or New Jersey defendant. If you do have that information about the New Jersey defendant, once the information is entered, a report is generated. If the website doesn’t work for you, an alternative is to secure certificates from the individual branches of the armed services. Requests for certificates should contain the New Jersey defendant’s full name, social security number, and date of birth. Again, many New Jersey plaintiffs don’t have all of that information about a New Jersey defendant. If the social security number is not known, the New Jersey Plaintiff must state that fact. The New Jersey plaintiff must also submit a statement of why the information is needed and a self-addressed, stamped envelope and may have to include postal money order or a certified, cashier’s or personal check made payable to the “Department of Treasury” in the amount of the fee required for each request. Check with the branches of the military for the latest fees and addresses! Here are some addresses for the military branches that may or may not be useful (depending on whether they changed):
U.S. NAVY
Navy Personnel Command
PERS-312F
5720 Integrity Drive
Millington, TN 38055-3120
Make check payable to: U.S. Treasurer
U.S. AIR FORCE
Air Force Worldwide Locator
HQ AFPC/DPDXIDL
550 C Street, West, Suite 50
Randolph AFB, TX 78150-4752
Make check payable to: DAQ-DE
U.S. MARINE CORPS (MMSBO)
Headquarters U.S Marine Corps
Code MMSB-10
2008 Elliott Road Suite 203
Quantico, VA 22134-5030
12-4
Please mark “OFFICIAL BUSINESS” on bottom of
envelope. Make check payable to: U.S. Treasurer
12-5
U.S. ARMY
Commander
U.S. Army Enlisted Records and Evaluation Center
Attn: Locator
8899 East 56th Street
Indianapolis, IN 46249-5031
Make checks payable to: Finance Officer
U.S. COAST GUARD
Coast Guard Personnel Command
2100 Second Street, S.W.
Washington, DC 20593-0001
Make checks payable to: U.S. Coast Guard

WHAT HAPPENS IF I DO NOT GET A NEW JERSEY AFFIDAVIT OF NONMILITARY SERVICE OF NEW JERSEY CERTIFICATION OF NONMILITARY SERVICE?
If you are unable to prepare or get a New Jersey affidavit of nonmilitary service or New Jersey certification of nonmilitary service, the New Jersey Court may require you to post a bond before the New Jersey Court issues you a New Jersey default judgment.

WHAT ARE NEW JERSEY COURT AFFIDAVITS AND NEW JERSEY COURT CERTIFICATIONS?
New Jersey Court affidavits are written statements:
• made in the first person.
• divided into numbered paragraphs.
• that have a caption which includes a designation of the particular proceeding the New Jersey Court affidavit supports or opposes and the original date, if any, fixed for the New Jersey motion hearing for which the New Jersey Court affidavit is made.
• signed and dated by the individuals making the statements contained in the New Jersey Court affidavits.

The person making the New Jersey Court affidavit is called “the affiant”.

New Jersey Court certifications are written statements made instead of New Jersey Court affidavits, oaths or verifications required by the New Jersey Court New Jersey Court rules which state the same information required for New Jersey Court affidavits plus the following language before the signature of the individuals making the New Jersey Court certification: "I certify that the foregoing statements made by me are true. I am aware that if any of the foregoing statements made by me are wilfully false, I am subject to punishment."

WHAT DO I DO AFTER I ASK FOR A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT AND WHAT DO I DO AFTER I GET A NEW JERSEY DEFAULT JUDGMENT?
At the time a New Jersey default judgment is entered, the New Jersey clerk shall notify the New Jersey judgment-creditor or judgment-creditor's attorney of the effective date and amount of the New Jersey judgment. Upon receipt of the notice, the New Jersey judgment-creditor shall notify the New Jersey judgment-debtor within 7 days by ordinary mail of the effective date and amount of the New Jersey judgment.

I WAS AWARDED A NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT BY THE NEW JERSEY COURT – WHAT DO I DO NEXT?
If you received a New Jersey Court Judgment following a New Jersey Court proceeding (such as a New Jersey trial, mediation, or motion hearing) for an amount of money, that New Jersey Judgment is called a “New Jersey Judgment.” If, after you receive a New Jersey Court New Jersey Judgment, it remains unpaid in whole or part, then you are entitled to seek to collect the New Jersey Judgment as a “Judgment Creditor” – a person owed a New Jersey Court Judgment. The person who owes the New Jersey Judgment is called a “Judgment Debtor.” New Jersey Judgments entered in the New Jersey Court do not collect themselves – to get a New Jersey Court Judgment collected, you or your attorney must file various papers with the New Jersey Court and take various other steps. Once you receive a New Jersey Court Judgment in the New Jersey Court, there is no guarantee that you shall collect the New Jersey Judgment. However, there are steps you or your attorney may take to make it more likely that you shall collect your New Jersey Judgment. When a New Jersey Court Judgment is “executed”, that means that the New Jersey Judgment is carried into effect by giving the New Jersey Judgment Creditor part or all of the New Jersey Judgment. For example, in the New Jersey Court a New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may be able to execute on a New Jersey Court Judgment by having a New Jersey Court Officer seize and sell a New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s property and applying the sums recovered to satisfy part or all of the New Jersey Judgment. Other articles on this website provide detailed information on collecting New Jersey judgments.

WHAT IF I RECEIVE PAPERS THAT REFER TO THE NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT DEBTOR FILING FOR BANKRUPTCY?
If you receive documents indicating that New Jersey Judgment Debtor filed for bankruptcy, you should immediately contact an attorney experienced in handling bankruptcy cases from the view of a New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor to find out what additional steps you might take to collect your New Jersey Judgment or to prevent it from being eliminated or reduced in the bankruptcy. It is not uncommon for New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants who ignore bankruptcy filings to be punished by a bankruptcy Court.

COLLECTING NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENTS

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY MONEY JUDGMENT?
A New Jersey money Judgment is a Judgment entered against a New Jersey defendant on a New Jersey complaint or entered against a New Jersey plaintiff on a New Jersey counterclaim for a specific amount of money. It may be entered after the granting of a New Jersey summary Judgment motion or after the entry of a New Jersey default Judgment or after the entry of a New Jersey verdict following a New Jersey trial at which one New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant wins their case for monetary damages. The person who is granted or awarded the New Jersey Judgment is the Judgment creditor and the person who owes the New Jersey Judgment is the Judgment debtor.

I WAS AWARDED A NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT BY THE NEW JERSEY COURT – WHAT DO I DO NEXT?
If you received a New Jersey Court Judgment following a New Jersey Court proceeding (such as a trial, mediation, or motion hearing) for an amount of money, that New Jersey Judgment is called a “New Jersey Judgment.” If, after you receive a New Jersey Court New Jersey Judgment, it remains unpaid in whole or part, then you are entitled to seek to collect the New Jersey Judgment as a “Judgment Creditor” – a person owed a New Jersey Court Judgment. The person who owes the New Jersey Judgment is called a “Judgment Debtor.” New Jersey Judgments entered in the New Jersey Court do not collect themselves – to get a New Jersey Court Judgment collected, you or your attorney must file various papers with the New Jersey Court and take various other steps. Once you receive a New Jersey Court Judgment in the New Jersey Court, there is no guarantee that you shall collect the New Jersey Judgment. However, there are steps you or your attorney may take to make it more likely that you shall collect your New Jersey Judgment. When a New Jersey Court Judgment is “executed”, that means that the New Jersey Judgment is carried into effect by giving the New Jersey Judgment Creditor part or all of the New Jersey Judgment. For example, in the New Jersey Court a New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may be able to execute on a New Jersey Court Judgment by having a New Jersey Court Officer seize and sell a New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s property and applying the sums recovered to satisfy part or all of the New Jersey Judgment.

WHAT IF I RECEIVE PAPERS THAT REFER TO THE NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT DEBTOR FILING FOR BANKRUPTCY?
If you receive documents indicating that New Jersey Judgment Debtor filed for bankruptcy, you should immediately contact an attorney experienced in handling bankruptcy cases from the view of a New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor to find out what additional steps you might take to collect your New Jersey Judgment or to prevent it from being eliminated or reduced in the bankruptcy. It is not uncommon for New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants who ignore bankruptcy filings to be punished by a bankruptcy Court.

CAN I EXECUTE MY NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT AGAINST A DEBTOR’S PERSONAL PROPERTY?
By filing the proper paperwork with the New Jersey Court, a New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor may try to collect a New Jersey Judgment. The paperwork is called a New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) and the paperwork asks the New Jersey Court try to collect the money owed on a New Jersey Judgment from the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's bank account or from the personal property (such as jewelry, furniture, antiques, etc.). The New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) can’t be used: (1) if the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor only has $1,000.00 in personal property; or (2) to sell real estate to satisfy a New Jersey Judgment owed in the New Jersey Court. To properly complete the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution), you need to know about the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's personal property that might be used to satisfy your New Jersey Judgment – you need to confirm that the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor is the only owner of the personal property to be sold and to confirm its location. When filling out the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution), you describe the property to be sold and state the street address where it is located. If the property is money in a bank account, you usually need to state the address of the bank where the money is located and the account number of the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s account. After you submit the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels to the New Jersey Court and pay any necessary fee, if the form is properly completed, a New Jersey Court Officer shall likely try to execute the New Jersey Court Judgment. The New Jersey Court adds a 10 percent fee to the amount of the New Jersey Judgment to pay the New Jersey Court Officer's commission and this fee appears on the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) and as the New Jersey Judgment is collected, is paid to the New Jersey Court Officer out of the money he collects to satisfy the New Jersey Judgment. Once the New Jersey Court issues a New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) payments are made directly to the New Jersey Court Officer or the New Jersey Court rather than to the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor directly. The New Jersey Court is responsible for calculating the New Jersey Court Officer’s fee, deducting it from monies collected and forwarding the balance that the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor is due to the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor (to the extent that they collect any monies). If the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) is fully satisfied, the New Jersey Court Officer is supposed to return the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) marked fully satisfied and the New Jersey Court normally marks the satisfaction in the record of the case.
If the property is something other than money in a bank account, the New Jersey Court Officer shall attempt the New Jersey Execution by trying to sell the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s personal property at a public sale, while permitting the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor to keep $1,000 worth of personal property. If the property is money in a bank account, the New Jersey Court Officer shall attempt the New Jersey Execution by trying to get the bank to freeze the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s bank account (called a “bank levy”). While it is possible for a New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor to use the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels to have a New Jersey Court Officer seize the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's automobile, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor must be able to show that the automobile is registered to the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor. To find out whether the automobile is in fact registered in the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s name, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor must request the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission to provide the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor with a certified copy of the title and a certified lien search for the automobile. Once accepted by the New Jersey Court, the New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) remains valid for two years from its issuance date and once it expires, it can be renewed. The New Jersey Par cannot execute a New Jersey Court Judgment against child support, welfare benefits, Social Security benefits or income, veterans' benefits or unemployment benefits.

IF THE NEW JERSEY COURT OFFICER EXECUTES AGAINST A NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S BANK ACCOUNT, HOW DO I GET THE MONEY FROM THAT ACCOUNT?
If, through a New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution), a New Jersey Court Officer levies against the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s bank account, the money frozen in the bank account does not automatically get turned over to you. Instead, you must file a New Jersey motion to turn over funds with the New Jersey Court and serve a complete copy of the New Jersey motion on both the bank where the funds are frozen and the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor. If the New Jersey Court grants the New Jersey motion to turn over funds, once the New Jersey Court Officer receives the New Jersey order granting the New Jersey motion, the New Jersey Court Officer normally acts to comply with the New Jersey order.

WHAT IF THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR WANTS TO SETTLE WITH ME AFTER I FILE A NEW JERSEY EXECUTION AGAINST GOODS AND CHATTELS (NEW JERSEY WRIT OF EXECUTION) AND AFTER THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S BANK ACCOUNT IS FROZEN?
Occasionally, after the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor files a New Jersey Execution against goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) and after a levy has been made by the New Jersey Court Officer, the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor, brought to their knees, wants to make a settlement. The New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor should be very careful about making a settlement at that point! New Jersey Court Officers who make a valid levy or who in some way helped produce payment are due their 10 percent commission on any amount paid by the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor. Accordingly, any payment the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor receives from a New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor is subject to the New Jersey Court Officer’s commission.

WHAT IF I WANT TO EXECUTE AGAINST THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S PERSONAL PROPERTY BUT I DON’T KNOW WHERE THAT PROPERTY IS LOCATED OR WHAT IT IS?
Within certain periods of time, New Jersey Judgment creditors can serve New Jersey Judgment debtors with a New Jersey written request for the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor to disclose personal financial information (called an New Jersey Information Subpoena). The New Jersey Information Subpoena consists of a series of New Jersey written questions that the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor is asked to answer under oath. When answered truthfully and completely, the answers to the New Jersey Information Subpoena may provide the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor with the information necessary for the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor to proceed with a New Jersey Execution of goods and chattels (New Jersey writ of Execution) against the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s personal property. The New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor serves the original and one copy of the New Jersey Information Subpoena upon the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor either personally or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and simultaneously by regular mail along with self-addressed postage prepaid envelope. Within 14 days from the date on which it was served, the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor must answer the New Jersey Information Subpoena and return it to the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor. The New Jersey Information Subpoena may only be served once in a six month period, unless the New Jersey Court provides its approval for more frequent use.

A New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may file a New Jersey motion with the New Jersey Court stating the amount due on the New Jersey Judgment and asking the New Jersey Court to enter a New Jersey order requiring the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor or any other person with information about the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's assets to answer questions under oath about the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s assets at a particular place and time. There are limits to the number of orders that the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may secure to compel a person to appear to answer such questions. Once the New Jersey order is entered, at least 10 days before the appearance date, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor serves a copy of the New Jersey order on the person that is required to appear to answer the questions by mailing the New Jersey order copy by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and simultaneously by regular mail.

WHAT IF I SERVE AN NEW JERSEY INFORMATION SUBPOENA AND THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR FAILS TO ANSWER IT?
Many debtors try to ignore answering the New Jersey Information Subpoena but if they do ignore the New Jersey Information Subpoena, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may make a New Jersey motion for a New Jersey order to enforce the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor’s right to receive answers to the New Jersey Information Subpoena. That type of New Jersey motion is called a New Jersey motion to enforce litigant’s rights. While the New Jersey motion is a cumbersome process that encourages debtors to take their time answering New Jersey Information Subpoenas, if properly pursued, the New Jersey motions to enforce litigant’s rights can result in the New Jersey Court issuing a warrant for the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s arrest and the New Jersey sheriff may thereafter arrest the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor and bring them to the New Jersey Courthouse to face the Court for the failure to comply with the New Jersey Information Subpoena.

If the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor fails to fully answer and forward the New Jersey Information Subpoena within 21 days from the date it is served on the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may also file a New Jersey motion with the New Jersey Court for a New Jersey order allowing the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor to serve a separate New Jersey Information Subpoena on banks, employers or businesses who owe the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor money.

WHAT IF I SERVE A NEW JERSEY ORDER REQUIRING SOMEONE TO APPEAR TO ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S ASSETS BUT THE PERSON REQUIRED TO APPEAR FAILS TO APPEAR?
If the person supposed to appear in the New Jersey Court order does not appear where and when specified in the New Jersey order or appears but fails to provide information about the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's assets, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may file a New Jersey motion with the New Jersey Court asking the New Jersey Court to punish the person failing to appear for their committing a contempt of Court.

WHAT IF I SERVE AN NEW JERSEY INFORMATION SUBPOENA AND THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S ANSWERS ARE INCOMPLETE?
If a New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor answers an New Jersey Information Subpoena but does it in a way that is evasive, thereby avoiding the obligation to provide complete answers, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may file a New Jersey motion for more specific answers to the New Jersey Information Subpoena or face a warrant for the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s arrest. If the New Jersey motion is granted and the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor fails to comply with the New Jersey order after being served with it and the New Jersey Court thereafter issues a warrant for the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s arrest, the New Jersey sheriff may thereafter arrest the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor and bring them to the New Jersey Courthouse to face the New Jersey Court for the failure to more fully answer the New Jersey Information Subpoena.

CAN I COLLECT MY NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT BY EXECUTING AGAINST THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S WAGES?
If a New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor works in New Jersey and earns more than a certain amount of money per week, you may seek to execute against the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s wages by filing a New Jersey motion for a New Jersey wage Execution with the New Jersey Court and serving it on the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor by both regular and certified mail. The New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor may object to the New Jersey motion being granted and if they do in the manner required by the New Jersey Court New Jersey Court rules, the New Jersey Court will schedule a hearing on the New Jersey motion. However, the grounds for objecting to a New Jersey wage Execution are usually quite limited. If the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor does not properly object to the New Jersey motion for a New Jersey wage Execution or the New Jersey Court denies the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor’s objection to the New Jersey motion, the New Jersey Court shall enter a New Jersey order for a New Jersey wage Execution. If this happens, the New Jersey Court Officer is supposed to deliver the New Jersey order for the wage Execution to the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's employer and the employer is supposed to follow the New Jersey order’s directions by holding back a portion of the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's pay and sending the money held back to the New Jersey Court Officer, who is supposed to send it to the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor.

IF THE NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT IS FULLY SATISFIED, DO I HAVE ANY OBLIGATIONS TO THE NEW JERSEY COURT JUDGMENT DEBTOR?
If a New Jersey Judgment is fully satisfied, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor must file a document with the New Jersey Court indicating that the New Jersey Court Judgment was in fact fully satisfied. The document is called a “warrant of satisfaction.” Sometimes the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor or their attorney shall ask for a warrant of satisfaction once the New Jersey Court Judgment is fully satisfied, with the intention of filing the New Jersey warrant with the New Jersey Court.

WHAT IF I OR THE NEW JERSEY COURT OFFICER CAN’T COLLECT MY NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT IN THE NEW JERSEY COURT?
If a New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor or a New Jersey Court Officer cannot collect a New Jersey Judgment in the New Jersey Court, the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor may have the New Jersey Judgment from the New Jersey Court recorded in the Superior Court Clerk's Office in Trenton. The New Jersey Judgment is docketed by paying a fee and filing the proper papers with the Superior Court Clerk's Office in Trenton. The advantage to docketing the New Jersey Court Judgment with the Superior Court Clerk's Office in Trenton is that, once properly docketed in the Superior Court, until the New Jersey Judgment is fully satisfied, the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor is unable sell with clear title any real estate owned in New Jersey. However, there is also a disadvantage to docketing the New Jersey Judgment – once docketed, the Court Officers of the New Jersey Court can no longer help the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor to collect the New Jersey Court Judgment. Instead, any further efforts that the New Jersey Court Judgment Creditor makes to collect the New Jersey Court Judgment must be made through the New Jersey sheriff's Office in the appropriate New Jersey County Court where the New Jersey Court Judgment Debtor's assets are located. Since the New Jersey sheriff’s efforts to recover the New Jersey Court Judgment are not rewarded through commissions on the amount they may collect, many Judgment Creditor attorneys prefer to keep the New Jersey Judgment undocketed for as long as they believe there is a chance of collecting it through the New Jersey Court’s Court.

NEED HELP GETTING A NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT OR COLLECTING A NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT?
Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you collect that New Jersey Judgment you recovered. To receive a no cost phone consultation about what the Law Office of Paul DePetris might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris.

NEED HELP WITH YOUR NEW JERSEY CASE?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case. Not all New Jersey cases require you to pay expensive legal fees to get legal help.

WHY SHOULD NEW JERSEY PRO SE PLAINTIFFS AND NEW JERSEY PRO SE DEFENDANTS SEEK HELP FROM A NEW JERSEY LAWYER?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants make the mistake of not consulting a New Jersey lawyer before filing New Jersey Court papers only to later learn that the New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants made serious mistakes that could cause them to lose their New Jersey case. Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT PERSONNEL FOR LEGAL ADVICE?
New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees. Most New Jersey Court employees are not trained New Jersey attorneys and therefore, they may not know what advice to give you. Working at the New Jersey Court as a non-judge is not the same as practicing law.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT FORMS PROVIDED BY THE NEW JERSEY COURT?
The New Jersey Court usually provides certain types of New Jersey Court legal forms to the public and those forms are often very helpful. However, beware relying on New Jersey Court forms provided by the New Jersey Court – the New Jersey Court forms are often deceptively simple, while New Jersey cases often are much more complex than they first appear to be. There is simply no substitute for a competent New Jersey attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey who has experience handling New Jersey cases. New Jersey Court forms don’t talk and New Jersey Court forms and their directions rarely, if ever, cover every possible situation, set of facts or legal issue that may arise in a New Jersey case. Each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges. If you can afford a competent New Jersey attorney, it is best to have the New Jersey attorney prepare your New Jersey Court paperwork for you.

CAN I HANDLE A NEW JERSEY CASE MYSELF?
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants can and do successfully handle New Jersey cases, from filing the first paperwork to the collection of a New Jersey Court judgment. However, many other New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants also make mistakes that lead to the dismissal of their New Jersey cases or that result in the entry of a New Jersey Court money judgment against them. The greater the money at stake, the greater the reason to consider using the services of a competent attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey to handle part or all of the New Jersey case. The following are reasons to use an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case:
• New Jersey Court fees often change
• New Jersey Court rules often change
• New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees
• New Jersey Court forms available on websites may not cover every situation you may face in Court
• each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges
• it is very common for New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants to file inadequate or incorrect New Jersey Court complaints that result in the New Jersey Court complaints or answers to New Jersey Court complaints being rejected by the New Jersey Court or being dismissed by the New Jersey Court after filing and before or after trial because of procedural deficiencies.
• it is not uncommon for judges to get very frustrated by an unrepresented party’s lack of preparation or ignorance of the facts or law of the New Jersey case.
• a Court has the power to punish unprepared New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants, such as by throwing their New Jersey case out of Court or limiting what they can present at the New Jersey Court trial.
• New Jersey has many published cases, laws, regulations, Court rules and rules of evidence that can be very tricky to understand and that can be used to prevent you from doing much of what you want to do at the New Jersey Court trial.
• it is very common for Courts to refuse to allow a party to use or refer to documents or items at the New Jersey Court trial that the person themselves never prepared. Often New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants stumble into New Jersey Court with a video, photograph, bill or affidavit or other form of written statement, thinking they are going to use it as proof that they lost money or that they are not responsible for someone else’s damages, only to have a New Jersey Court judge tell the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants that it is not going to even consider such items or documents.
• without the proper preparation, items and documents may never be considered by the New Jersey Court. Also, if there are any legal issues to be dealt with at the New Jersey Court trial, you must be prepared to argue them, which may require you to refer to Court rules, evidence rules, laws, regulations or published cases.
• you cannot show up at the New Jersey Court expecting the judge hearing your New Jersey case to explain Court rules, evidence rules, Court procedure or the details of the law that applies to your New Jersey case. The judge hearing your New Jersey case is not permitted to give you legal advice.

It is important to remember that even if you have an attorney, you could lose your New Jersey case. Hiring an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case does not guarantee your success. However, it may provide what is needed to win your New Jersey case or to avoid certain mistakes.

DOES THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HAVE EXPERIENCE HANDLING NEW JERSEY CASES?
Yes. Paul DePetris has performed the following tasks:
• handled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey, from Bergen County New Jersey to Cumberland County New Jersey, including representations of individuals, small businesses and large corporations.
• settled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey.
• reviewed many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• enforced many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• provided New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants with New Jersey Court legal advice and prepared New Jersey Court legal forms
• prepared and filed many New Jersey Court complaints
• tried New Jersey Court jury trials
• mediated many New Jersey cases
• argued New Jersey Court motions
• handled New Jersey Court proof hearings
• handled New Jersey Court post judgment collection proceedings

Mr. DePetris has appeared before the Superior Court of New Jersey in the following counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

IN WHAT NEW JERSEY COUNTIES WILL THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HANDLE NEW JERSEY CASES?
The Law Office of Paul DePetris offers to handle and help individuals and businesses with New Jersey Court Claims cases in North, Central and Southern New Jersey, including cases in the following New Jersey counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

WHAT IF I DON’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO HIRE AN ATTORNEY TO HANDLE MY NEW JERSEY CASE FROM BEGINNING TO END?
In many situations, the Law Office of Paul DePetris offers alternatives to handling New Jersey cases for an hourly fee, such as by offering to handle your New Jersey case up to trial for a fixed fee or to help you handle your New Jersey case by yourself. Such flexible methods may allow you to keep the amount legal fees you spend on your New Jersey case to a fixed sum, while providing you the help you need to handle your New Jersey case. For a no obligation phone consultation about what the Firm might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris.
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