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New Jersey Contract Lawsuit Facts

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The information in this article is only for New Jersey Law Division, Civil Part cases and not for other New Jersey court cases, such as those in New Jersey Special Civil Court, New Jersey Small Claims Court or New Jersey Chancery Court!!! Do not use this article if you have a New Jersey Special Civil Court, New Jersey Small Claims Court or New Jersey Chancery Court case!!! Also, no website is a substitute for competent advice from a New Jersey lawyer!

Warning – this article does no4t necessarily include each and every New Jersey court rule that may apply to your New Jersey case! New Jersey contract law Office of Paul DePetris does not guarantee that the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website are the latest versions of the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms, that they lack typographical errors or that they have not been amended, repealed or superseded by other federal or state law. The New Jersey Statutes, United States Statutes, New Jersey Administrative Code and Federal Code in this database are not annotated. Accordingly, this database may include laws that: (1) never became operable due to unmet conditions; (2) expired; (3) were repealed or amended; (4) were declared void by a court of law; (5) or are otherwise invalid. Further, effective dates of New Jersey contract laws are not necessarily included in the database. Accordingly, you should not rely upon the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website contained in this database for any purpose and before taking any legal measures, you instead should read all applicable federal and state source law and case law and consult with an attorney for any changes in New Jersey contract laws. Be certain to cross reference all applicable rules before preparing, filing or serving any papers!!! For example, Special Civil Part Rules often cross reference other rules – rules that apply to Special Civil Part Cases as well as to other types of civil cases not being heard in Special Civil Part.

NEW JERSEY CONTRACT LAWSUITS

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT LAWSUIT?
A New Jersey contract lawsuit is usually a disagreement between two or more New Jersey residents, one or more of which may be a New Jersey business. It can be about any of the following:

• a New Jersey breach of an oral or written contract for the sale of goods or services

• allegations of unfair interference, such as where a New Jersey business uses unfair methods to compete with its competitor

• New Jersey personal loan lawsuits

• New Jersey security deposit lawsuits

• New Jersey breach of promise or breach of agreement lawsuits

• New Jersey collections of past due bills owed

• efforts to enforce a New Jersey noncompete clause or New Jersey restrictive covenant that was entered into between businesses or between a New Jersey business and one of its former employees or independent contractors

• New Jersey franchise lawsuits, where a New Jersey franchise purchaser and the seller of the New Jersey franchise have a lawsuit about duties arising under the franchise agreement

• New Jersey lawsuits between New Jersey business partners or stockholders of a New Jersey business for control of the New Jersey business New Jersey business partnership or corporation or about decisions affecting the New Jersey business New Jersey business partnership or business

WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS FOR AN ENFORCEABLE NEW JERSEY CONTRACT?
There are 5 essential elements to a valid New Jersey contract:

1. mutuality of assent;
2. legal capacity of the parties;
3. valuable consideration;
4. legality of subject matter; and
5. a writing.

The New Jersey court must first determine whether some type of New Jersey contract existed between the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and the New Jersey contract case defendant. A New Jersey contract may be expressed or implied or may be a mixture of the two. An express New Jersey contract is one in which the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant have shown their agreement by words. Express New Jersey contracts include those in which the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant have orally stated the terms to each other or have placed the terms in writing. An implied New Jersey contract is one in which the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant show their agreement by conduct. For example, if someone provides services to another under circumstances that do not support the idea that they were donated or free, New Jersey contract law implies an obligation to pay the reasonable value of services. Thus, an implied New Jersey contract is an agreement inferred from the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant’s conduct or from the circumstances surrounding their relationship. In other words, a New Jersey contract case defendant may be obligated to pay for services rendered for New Jersey contract case defendant by New Jersey contract case plaintiff if the circumstances are such that New Jersey contract case plaintiff reasonably expected New Jersey contract case defendant to compensate New Jersey contract case plaintiff and if a reasonable person in New Jersey contract case defendant’s position would know that New Jersey contract case plaintiff was performing the services expecting that New Jersey contract case defendant would pay for them. Under the requirement of mutuality of assent, for New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants to enter into a New Jersey contract, a meeting of the minds must take place between the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants. The mutuality of assent must be real and not the result of mistake, misrepresentation, New Jersey legal fraud, New Jersey consumer fraud, duress or undue influence. Since, a New Jersey breach of contract is never presumed; rather, the burden of establishing a New Jersey breach of contract rests with the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant asserting the New Jersey breach. A New Jersey contract is an exchange of promises and thus is the result of a “bargain,” an “exchange of equivalents.” An enforceable bilateral New Jersey agreement requires an offer, an acceptance, consideration and a meeting of the minds upon all the essential terms of the New Jersey agreement. To have a valid New Jersey contract, there must be a meeting of the minds, as a New Jersey contract does not come into being unless the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants agree to the same terms. Thus, an enforceable contract only results from the New Jersey plaintiffs’ and New Jersey defendants’ agreeing upon essential terms and manifesting an intention to be bound by those terms and where the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants do not agree to one or more essential terms, the New Jersey agreement may be unenforceable. Indeed, it is fundamental that the essential element to the valid consummation of a New Jersey contract is a meeting of the minds of the New Jersey contracting parties. Thus, doubt or difference between the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants to an alleged contract is normally incompatible with the claim that the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants agreement to terms. If the contemplated agreement is to be bilateral, the offeror and offeree alike must express agreement as to every term of the New Jersey contract. The offerror does this in the offer; the offeree must do it in his acceptance. When interpreting a New Jersey contract, it is not the real intent that controls but rather the intent expressed or apparent in the writing. Further, normally it is not the New Jersey court’s role to make a new contract or to supply any material stipulations or conditions which contravene the New Jersey agreements of the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants. The mere fact that a New Jersey contract is somewhat harsh or unfair in its operation does not excuse the performance of same and the New Jersey court cannot create contractual obligations that are not based on the expressed intention of the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants. Indeed, the New Jersey court will not normally rewrite the New Jersey agreement to provide the protection which a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant failed to obtain for themselves. Instead, the judicial function of the New Jersey court is normally to enforce the New Jersey contract as it is written. Moreover, where the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants are experienced businesspeople, courts generally should not tinker with a finely drawn and precise contract entered into by experienced business people that regulates their financial affairs. Also, equitable relief is not normally available merely because enforcement of the New Jersey contract causes hardship to one of the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants. Thus, if a New Jersey contract contains ambiguous or doubtful terms, the New Jersey contract is generally construed against its drafter. The interpretation of a New Jersey contract is often a legal question for the New Jersey court rather than for a New Jersey jury.

ARE NEW JERSEY ORAL CONTRACTS ENFORCEABLE IN A NEW JERSEY COURT?
An oral contract for goods or services between businesses may be enforceable in a New Jersey Court, especially if there is proof that the terms of the New Jersey contract were sufficiently definite and that the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants agreed to be bound to the oral agreement. While there does exist a statute of frauds in New Jersey that requires that certain contracts be in writing, in certain situations, it can be overcome.

NEW JERSEY COURT’S DUTY TO ENFORCE A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT’S WRITTEN TERMS
When a party affixes his signature to a written instrument, a conclusive presumption arises that he read, understood and assented to its terms and he will not be heard to complain that he did not comprehend the effect of his act in signing. The general rule in New Jersey is that a person is bound by his signature to a New Jersey contract, even though he has not read it. Normally one’s signature as a party to a written New Jersey contract raises a conclusive presumption that he read, understood, and assented to the New Jersey contract’s terms. In the ordinary case, courts should enforce New Jersey contracts as made by the parties. it is not the province of the New Jersey court to make a new New Jersey contract or to supply any material stipulations or conditions which contravene the agreements of the parties to the New Jersey contract. Where a New Jersey contract is clear, courts are bound to enforce its terms as they are written and may not make a better New Jersey contract for either of the parties. When interpreting a New Jersey contract, it is not the real intent that controls but rather the intent expressed or apparent in the writing. In interpreting the intention of New Jersey contracting parties, courts look to the intent expressed or apparent in the writing. In the absence of fraud, one who does not choose to read a New Jersey contract before signing it cannot later be relieved of its burdens. Accordingly, in the absence of a showing that one party was instrumental in inducing the other party not to read the New Jersey contract in full, said party’s failure to read the New Jersey contract is not a circumstance to be considered in determining whether there were unequal bargaining positions as between the parties.

A New Jersey court will not rewrite the agreement to provide the protection which a party failed to obtain for themselves. It is not the function of a New Jersey court to make a better New Jersey contract for the parties or to supply terms not previously agreed upon. If a New Jersey contract’s terms are clear, a New Jersey court must merely enforce them as written. It is not a New Jersey court’s function to make a New Jersey contract for the parties or to supply terms not previously agreed upon. The law will not make a better New Jersey contract for the parties than they themselves have seen fit to enter into, or alter it for the benefit of one party and the detriment of the other. The judicial function of the New Jersey court is to enforce the New Jersey contract as it is written. Motivations or mental reservations cannot affect a written agreement. Otherwise, the agreement would be worthless and the source of much litigation. The avoidance of such uncertainty is the precise reason for the Statute of Frauds and the companion parol evidence rule. Accordingly, where a written New Jersey contract is complete and unambiguous on its face, the parties are bound by the intentions they express in same.
The mere fact that a New Jersey contract is somewhat harsh or unfair in its operation does not excuse the performance of same and a New Jersey court cannot create New Jersey contractual obligations not based on the expressed intention of the parties. Performance of promises agreed upon by the parties may only be excused for reasons that the law deems just. A New Jersey court may not relieve a party from the hardship they might have guarded against and thus, the New Jersey court shall enforce the New Jersey contract which the parties themselves made.

WHEN DOES A NEW JERSEY COURT LOOK BEYOND A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT’S TERMS TO DETERMINE THE PARTIES’ RIGHTS UNDER THE NEW JERSEY CONTRACT?
Where one party to an oral agreement entrusts the other to reduce it to a writing, the first party has the right to rely upon the representation that it shall be drawn up accurately, in accordance with the parties’ oral understanding. Although the freedom to make a New Jersey contract is important, it is not such an immutable doctrine so as to admit of no qualification and in each case the New Jersey court must weigh the valued interest in freedom of New Jersey contract against countervailing factors. For a New Jersey contract to be enforced as written, there is an assumption that the parties occupy positions of relative equality and that their consent is freely given. A New Jersey contract where one party must accept or reject the New Jersey contract does not result in the consent of that party, as it is a New Jersey contract of adhesion. Such New Jersey contracts are subject to extra scrutiny by the New Jersey court reviewing same.

The construction of a written New Jersey contract is usually a legal question for a New Jersey court, but where there is uncertainty, ambiguity or the need for parol evidence to aid in the New Jersey court’s interpretation of the New Jersey contract, the jury must decide the New Jersey contract’s doubtful provisions. To understand the parties’ intent and to give effect to the nature of the New Jersey contract as expressed in writing, it must be interpreted by considering the parties’ surrounding circumstances and relationships. Where strict construction of a New Jersey contract’s language would defeat its obvious purpose, a New Jersey court may decline to enforce said language. A New Jersey court should interpret a written New Jersey contract in accordance with justice, common sense and the parties’ probable intent. A New Jersey contract should be interpreted as a business transaction entered into by practical people seeking to accomplish an honest and straightforward end. The New Jersey court should consider the New Jersey contract’s written terms in the entire context of the circumstances surrounding its creation and accord the writing a rational meaning in keeping with the New Jersey contract’s expressed general purpose. New Jersey courts are generally obligated to enforce New Jersey contracts based on the parties’ intent, the New Jersey contract’s express terms, the circumstances surrounding the New Jersey contract and its underlying purpose. When interpreting New Jersey contracts, a New Jersey court must if possible ascertain and give effect to the parties’ mutual intent.

To understand the parties’ intent and to give effect to the nature of the New Jersey contract as expressed by them, a New Jersey court must interpret a New Jersey contract by considering the surrounding circumstances and the relationships of the parties when it was entered into. A New Jersey court should not permit a rigid principle of law to smother the factual realities to which it is sought to be applied. Moreover, equity will not permit a wrong to be suffered without affording an appropriate remedy. Equity regards as done that which ought to be done. Applying principles of fairness and justice, a New Jersey court may fashion an appropriate remedy to vindicate a wrong. Where a written New Jersey contract contains ambiguous or doubtful terms, the New Jersey contract is construed against its drafter.

WHAT IS A NEW JERSEY RESTRICTIVE COVENANT?
A New Jersey restrictive covenant is a provision in a New Jersey contract that prohibits or limits a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant from taking certain actions. Post employment New Jersey restrictive covenants and New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clauses are not void per se in New Jersey.

ARE NEW JERSEY RESTRICTIVE COVENANTS AND NEW JERSEY NONCOMPETE AGREEMENT OR NEW JERSEY NONCOMPETE CLAUSES ENFORECEABLE IN NEW JERSEY COURT?
The enforceability of New Jersey restrictive covenants depends in large part upon their reasonableness under the particular circumstances. New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clauses are looked upon unfavorably by the New Jersey courts, as potential restraints on trade. To be enforceable, a New Jersey restrictive covenant must be reasonable under the circumstances in the New Jersey breach of contract case before the New Jersey court. A New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause will be totally or partially enforced by New Jersey court to the extent reasonably necessary to protect the New Jersey employer’s legitimate interests if enforcement of the New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause will cause no undue hardship on the New Jersey employee and will not impair the public interest. The New Jersey Supreme Court set forth the following four pronged test for determining the reasonableness of New Jersey restrictive covenants (often referred to by commentators as a three pronged test insofar as they omit the first prong):
• The New Jersey employer has a protectable interest.
• The New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause must be no more restrictive than is necessary to protect the “legitimate interests of the New Jersey employer.
• The New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause must impose “no undue hardship on the employee.
• The New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause must not be “injurious to the public interest.”

To be enforceable, the New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause must generally meet all 4 of the aforesaid requirements. Moreover, the New Jersey court may seek evidence that the New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause is based on adequate consideration. Usually, the issue of whether the New Jersey noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clause is enforceable amounts to a fact sensitive test, since the validity and enforceability of a New Jersey contract against competition is fact-sensitive and must be determined in light of the facts of the New Jersey breach of contract case. In one case, the New Jersey court enforced a post-employment New Jersey restrictive covenant where the prohibition was reasonably necessary for the protection of the New Jersey business of the New Jersey employer, was not unreasonably restrictive in point of time or territory upon the rights of the employee and was not prejudicial to the public interests. Since, a New Jersey breach of contract is never presumed; rather, the burden of establishing a New Jersey breach of contract rests with the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant asserting the New Jersey breach. In appropriate cases, a Chancery court shall intervene, providing injunctive relief to prevent the New Jersey breach of noncompete agreement or New Jersey noncompete clauses and solicitation of an employer’s personnel and customers and shall enjoin a New Jersey employee for the use or disclosure of trade secrets or confidential information acquired from a former New Jersey employer. However, where there is no express New Jersey contract between a New Jersey employer and New Jersey employee, absent a showing of fraud or breach of trust, the New Jersey court shall generally not enjoin a New Jersey employee, after termination of his employment, from honest competition with the former employer, even to the extent of soliciting the former employer’s customers. Indeed, unless a New Jersey employee is restrained by an enforceable New Jersey contract not to compete, he or she usually may freely compete with a former New Jersey employer by accepting employment with a rival or by undertaking his or her own competing New Jersey business. In this regard, a New Jersey employee who is not otherwise bound by a New Jersey restrictive covenant may, after termination of employment, and in the absence of any breach of trust, compete honestly with his or her former employer. Accordingly, in such circumstances, neither the decision to compete nor the entering into competition is actionable. In addition, it is not the New Jersey court’s function to make a New Jersey contract for the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants or to supply terms not previously agreed upon. The New Jersey court shall not normally relieve a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant from the hardship they might have guarded against and thus, the New Jersey court shall enforce the New Jersey contract which the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants themselves made. The New Jersey court will not generally rewrite the New Jersey agreement to provide the protection which a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant failed to obtain for themselves. For, it is not the function of the New Jersey court to make a better contract for the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants or to supply terms not previously agreed upon. If a New Jersey contract’s terms are clear, the New Jersey court must merely enforce them as written. Accordingly, where a New Jersey written contract is complete and unambiguous on its face, the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants are bound by the intentions they express in same. Moreover, where a New Jersey written contract contains ambiguous or doubtful terms, the New Jersey contract is construed against its drafter.

Moreover, the common law New Jersey duty of loyalty does not itself necessarily preclude a New Jersey employee from making arrangements to commence new employment with a competitor. The key distinction between such arrangements and competition is usually that a New Jersey employee cannot directly compete with the current employer until after employment with that employee terminates. Whether a New Jersey employee's conduct constitutes unfair competition or was merely preparatory to new employment is a matter of degree and depends upon the facts and circumstances of the New Jersey breach of contract case.

However, New Jersey Courts have held that the enforcement of New Jersey restrictive covenants does not depend on the existence of a New Jersey written contract of employment for such New Jersey agreements need not be in writing but may be evidenced by conduct rather than words. A New Jersey contract of employment may be express or implied. A New Jersey employment contract does not require formality. While assent to the offer of employment "must be manifested in order to be legally effective, it need not be expressed in words." The necessary assent may be expressed in words, or it may be "implied from conduct without words." One could however argue that, while the New Jersey plaintiffs’ and New Jersey defendants’ New Jersey employment contract itself need not be in writing, to satisfy the requirements of a valid New Jersey restrictive covenant, the New Jersey restrictive covenant itself must be in writing.

WHAT IS THE NEW JERSEY DUTY OF GOOD FAITH AND FAIR DEALING IN NEW JERSEY CONTRACTS?
In addition to the express terms of a New Jersey contract, New Jersey contract law provides that every New Jersey contract contains an implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. This means that, even though not specifically stated in the New Jersey contract, it is implied or understood that the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and the New Jersey contract case defendant to the New Jersey contract must act in good faith and deal fairly with the other party in performing or enforcing the terms of the New Jersey contract.

HOW DOES A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE DEFENDANT COMMIT BAD FAITH OR VIOLATE THE NEW JERSEY COVENANT OF GOOD FAITH AND FAIR DEALING?
To act in good faith and deal fairly, a New Jersey contract case defendant must act in a way that is honest and faithful to the agreed purposes of the New Jersey contract and consistent with the reasonable expectations of the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant. A New Jersey contract case defendant must not act in bad faith, dishonestly, or with improper motive to destroy or injure the right of the other party to receive the benefits or reasonable expectations of the New Jersey contract. There can be no New Jersey breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing unless the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant have a New Jersey contract. Additionally, the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing may not override an expressly granted right under the New Jersey contract. For example, an implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing may not override an express provision in the New Jersey contract giving one party the right to terminate the New Jersey contract and the party’s motive in terminating the New Jersey contract under such circumstances may be irrelevant. A New Jersey contract case defendant must still, however, act in good faith in the performance of the New Jersey contract until the termination actually takes place. Thus, even though the New Jersey contract case defendant complies with the express New Jersey contract term entitling him to terminate the New Jersey contract, the New Jersey contract case defendant may still be in breach of the New Jersey covenant of good faith and fair dealing if he fails to act in good faith and deal fairly until the New Jersey contract is actually terminated. There are many forms of conduct that might constitute a violation of good faith and fair dealing, but each case is fact-sensitive. The New Jersey contract case defendant, as the dominant party, has an even greater obligation than the New Jersey contract case plaintiff to act in good faith; the New Jersey contract case defendant must not put technical encumbrances or hidden pitfalls in the way of New Jersey contract case plaintiffs that would undermine the New Jersey contract case plaintiffs’ reasonable expectations.

HOW DOES A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE PLAINTIFF PROVE A NEW JERSEY BAD FAITH LAWSUIT OR NEW JERSEY VIOLATION OF THE COVENANT OF GOOD FAITH AND FAIR DEALING LAWSUIT?
For a New Jersey court to find that there has been a New Jersey breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, the New Jersey contract case plaintiff must prove that the New Jersey contract case defendant, with no legitimate purpose: 1) acted with bad motives or intentions or engaged in deception or evasion in the performance of New Jersey contract; and 2) by such conduct, denied the New Jersey contract case plaintiff of the bargain initially intended by the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant. To prevail on the New Jersey bad faith lawsuit, the New Jersey contract case plaintiff must prove each of the following three elements by a preponderance of the evidence: First, the New Jersey contract case plaintiff must prove that some type of New Jersey contract existed between the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant. There can be no breach of the New Jersey covenant of good faith and fair dealing unless the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant have a New Jersey contract. Second, the New Jersey contract case plaintiff must prove that the New Jersey contract case defendant acted in bad faith with the purpose of depriving the New Jersey contract case plaintiff of rights or benefits under the New Jersey contract. Third, the New Jersey contract case plaintiff must prove that the New Jersey contract case defendant’s conduct caused the New Jersey contract case plaintiff to suffer injury, damage, loss or harm.

DID THE NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE DEFENDANT ACT IN BAD FAITH WITH THE INTENT TO DEPRIVE THE NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE PLAINTIFF OF RIGHTS OR BENEFITS UNDER THE NEW JERSEY CONTRACT?
If the New Jersey contract case defendant finds that a New Jersey contract existed between the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant, the New Jersey court must then determine whether the New Jersey contract case defendant violated the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. As to this element, the New Jersey court must decide whether the New Jersey contract case defendant acted with bad faith to interfere with the New Jersey contract case plaintiff’s right to receive the benefits of the New Jersey contract. Proof of bad motive or intention is essential to a claim that the New Jersey contract case defendant has violated the New Jersey covenant of good faith and fair dealing. In considering what constitutes bad faith, the New Jersey court should consider a number of factors, including the expectations of the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant and the purposes for which the New Jersey contract was made. The New Jersey court should also consider the level of sophistication between the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant, whether the New Jersey contract case plaintiff and New Jersey contract case defendant had equal or unequal bargaining power, and whether the New Jersey contract case defendant’s action involved the exercise of discretion. Keep in mind, however, that bad faith is not established by simply showing that the New Jersey contract case defendant’s motive for his/her actions did not consider the best interests of the New Jersey contract case plaintiff. New Jersey contract law does not require parties to behave thoughtfully, charitably or unselfishly toward each other. In order for the New Jersey contract case plaintiff to prevail on his/her claim, the New Jersey court must specifically find that bad faith motivated the New Jersey contract case defendant’s actions. A New Jersey contract case defendant who acts in good faith on an honest, but mistaken, belief that the New Jersey contract case defendant’s actions were justified has not breached the New Jersey covenant of good faith and fair dealing.

DID THE NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE DEFENDANT’S CONDUCT CAUSED THE NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE PLAINTIFF TO SUFFER INJURY, DAMAGE, LOSS OR HARM?
The New Jersey contract case plaintiff must also prove that because of the New Jersey contract case defendant’s actions, the New Jersey contract case plaintiff was unable to realize the benefits of the New Jersey contract.

SUMMARY OF PROOFS REQUIRED TO WIN A NEW JERSEY BAD FAITH LAWSUIT OR NEW JERSEY VIOLATION OF THE COVENANT OF GOOD FAITH AND FAIR DEALING LAWSUIT
if the New Jersey contract case defendant finds that the New Jersey contract case plaintiff has proven by a preponderance of the evidence: (1) the existence of some type of New Jersey contract; (2) that the New Jersey contract case defendant, although acting consistent with the New Jersey contract’s terms, acted in bad faith with the intent to deprive the New Jersey contract case plaintiff of his/her reasonable expectations under the New Jersey contract; and (3) the New Jersey contract case plaintiff sustained injury or loss as a result of such action, then the New Jersey court must find for the New Jersey contract case plaintiff.

WHAT DAMAGES ARE AVAILABLE FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT?
Where a New Jersey plaintiff and a New Jersey defendant have made a New Jersey contract, which one of them has broken, the damages which the other party ought to receive, in respect of such a New Jersey breach, should be such as may fairly be considered either arising naturally, i.e., according to the usual course of things, from such a New Jersey breach of contract itself, or such as may reasonably be supposed to have been in the contemplation of both the New Jersey plaintiff and New Jersey defendant at the time they made the New Jersey contract, as the probable result of the New Jersey breach of it. Contract damages are generally designed to put the injured party in as good a position as if the New Jersey contract had been performed. For example, in a lease transaction, the lessee is generally entitled to recover the value of the lease term, which, in the absence of special circumstances, is the difference between the actual rental value and the rent reserved. A New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant is not generally chargeable for a New Jersey contract loss that the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant had no reason to foresee as a probable result of the alleged New Jersey breach when the New Jersey contract was made. Further, the loss must be a reasonably certain consequence of the New Jersey breach.

CAN A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT PLAINTIFF FORCE A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT DEFENDANT TO PERFORM OBLIGATIONS UNDER A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT (NEW JERSEY SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE)?
New Jersey specific performance is an equitable remedy available to a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant to a New Jersey lawsuit if they can establish that mere legal relief such as an award of damages would be insufficient to make the claimant whole. Under the doctrine of New Jersey specific performance, the New Jersey court orders a New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant guilty of a New Jersey breach of contract to, under the danger of court penalties, perform under the New Jersey contract or if they already began to perform and stopped, to complete performance under the New Jersey contract. To establish a right to the New Jersey remedy of New Jersey specific performance, a New Jersey business must demonstrate that the New Jersey contract in question is valid and enforceable at law, that the terms of the New Jersey contract are expressed in such fashion that the New Jersey court can determine, with reasonable certainty, the duties of a New Jersey plaintiff and a New Jersey defendant and the conditions under which performance is due and that an order compelling performance of the New Jersey contract will not be harsh or oppressive. The right to New Jersey specific performance turns not only on whether the claimant has demonstrated a right to legal relief but also whether the performance of the New Jersey contract represents an equitable result. The New Jersey remedy of New Jersey specific performance is in the New Jersey court’s discretion to grant or deny. When New Jersey specific performance is sought, the New Jersey court is required to do more than merely determine whether the New Jersey contract is valid and enforceable; the New Jersey court of equity must also appraise the respective conduct and situation of the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants, the clarity of the New Jersey agreement itself notwithstanding that it may be legally enforceable and the impact that an order of New Jersey specific performance could have (i.e., whether such an order is harsh or oppressive to the wrongdoer or whether a denial of New Jersey specific performance leaves the claimant with an adequate remedy). In addition, the New Jersey plaintiff or New Jersey defendant seeking New Jersey specific performance must stand in conscientious relation to his adversary – that party’s conduct in the matter must have been fair, just and equitable rather than sharp or aiming at unfair advantage. Such weighing of equitable considerations must represent, in each New Jersey case, a conscious attempt on the New Jersey court’s part to render complete justice to both the New Jersey plaintiff and New Jersey defendant regarding their contractual relationship. The New Jersey court will often direct performance of such a New Jersey contract because, when there is no excuse for the failure to perform, New Jersey contract law of equity regards and treats as done what in good conscience ought to be done. However, New Jersey specific performance of a New Jersey contract will not be awarded where the New Jersey contract is incomplete, uncertain or too indefinite in its material terms to be specifically enforced in equity.

WHEN IS A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT INVALID BECAUSE IT WAS ENTERED INTO THROUGH FRAUD?

In the absence of a trust or confidential relationship, statements of opinion or matters of judgment, though known to be false when actually made, do not constitute fraud. However, false representations as to material elements of the New Jersey contract are grounds for rescission. Fraudulent misconduct is not excused by the credulity or negligence of the New Jersey consumer fraud victim or by the fact that the New Jersey consumer fraud victim might have discovered the New Jersey consumer fraud through prior investigation.

Purposeful concealment can be as destructive as an affirmative false statement. There exists a duty upon a New Jersey party to a New Jersey contract to disclose to the other New Jersey party facts basic to the transaction if the first party knows that the other is about to enter into the transaction under a mistake as to the facts and that the other, because of the relationship between the parties, the customs of the trade or other objective circumstances, would reasonably expect disclosure of the facts. Where such a duty to speak exists, the failure to speak constitutes unfair conduct likely to cause harm. An unconscionable bargain is one such as no person in their senses and not under delusion would make and as no honest and fair person would accept.

WHAT REMEDIES ARE AVAILABLE TO NEW JERSEY FRAUD VICTIMS WHO SIGN FRAUDULENT NEW JERSEY CONTRACTS?
Whenever there is a fraud in the execution or consideration of a New Jersey contract, the person defrauded at any time thereafter may institute a civil action, to recover the money owing on such New Jersey contract although, by its terms, the debt contracted or the money secured to be paid thereby is not then due or payable; and the New Jersey consumer fraud victim may, upon discovery of the New Jersey consumer fraud, either rescind the New Jersey contract entirely and recover the money or property obtained by the New Jersey consumer fraud, or, sue on the New Jersey contract to recover thereon.

In certain situations, a New Jersey plaintiff could assert that, since the New Jersey contract was the product of fraud, a New Jersey plaintiff is entitled to rescind the New Jersey contract and/or to recover the money and/or lien on property obtained under same.

New Jersey contract rescission is the equivalent of New Jersey contract cancellation. It is an equitable remedy which is only available in limited circumstances. Aside from situations where parties consent to New Jersey contract rescission, New Jersey contracts may normally only be rescinded where there is either original invalidity, fraud, failure of consideration, a material breach or default. Even where grounds for New Jersey contract rescission exist, the remedy is discretionary in nature. New Jersey contract rescission will not be granted where the party seeking same has not acted within a reasonable time or where substantial performance has already occurred. Indeed, delay in the rescission of a New Jersey contract is evidence of an election to treat a New Jersey contract as valid. However, the duty to rescind a New Jersey contract does not first arise until the party seeking New Jersey contract rescission discovers the grounds for same. To grant New Jersey contract rescission, a New Jersey court must be able to return the parties to their position before they entered into the New Jersey contract. Accordingly, a New Jersey party cannot usually simply rescind a New Jersey contract and at the same time keep possession of goods or services received under the New Jersey contract. To complete a New Jersey contract rescission following partial performance, the party seeking to rescind the New Jersey contract must return or tender the consideration previously received. New Jersey contracts are subject to rescission where they are obtained by fraud. Indeed, the very existence of a fraudulently procured New Jersey contract causes damage, so that where fraud is found, damage may be presumed. In the absence of actual fraud, undue influence or misrepresentation, New Jersey contract rescission will not be permitted.

A unilateral mistake of a fact unknown to the other New Jersey party to a New Jersey contract is not ordinarily grounds for New Jersey contract rescission. To qualify for such relief, a New Jersey party must show special circumstances justifying a departure from the generally controlling principle that parties are bound by the New Jersey contracts they make for themselves. Accordingly, the circumstances providing for New Jersey contract rescission due to a unilateral mistake fact are: [1] the mistake is of such a great consequence that to enforce the New Jersey contract as actually made would be unconscionable; [2] the matter as to which the mistake was made must relate to the material feature of the New Jersey contract; the mistake must have occurred notwithstanding the exercise of reasonable care by the party making the mistake; and [4] the requested New Jersey contract rescission cannot cause serious prejudice to the other New Jersey party, except for loss of bargain.

HOW DO I PROVE FRAUD IN A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT CASE?
Under New Jersey common law, there are two types of New Jersey common law fraud: New Jersey equitable fraud and New Jersey legal fraud. To prove a claim for New Jersey common law equitable fraud, a New Jersey plaintiff must show the following:

• a material misrepresentation of a presently existing or past fact;

• made with the intent that a New Jersey plaintiff rely upon it; and

• detrimental reliance by a New Jersey plaintiff.

Even an innocent misrepresentation can constitute New Jersey equitable fraud justifying rescission of a New Jersey contract. But the only remedy available for New Jersey equitable fraud is equitable in nature: rescission or reformation of the New Jersey contract.

WHAT IS THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT?
The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act is a New Jersey law that regulates a very wide range of goods and services. The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act was intended as a response to public harm resulting from deception, misrepresentation and unconscionable practices engaged in by professional sellers seeking mass distribution of many types of consumer goods. The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act provides individuals and businesses with the right to file a New Jersey lawsuit against those that cause actual harm by using deception, misrepresentation and unconscionable practices when selling certain goods or services. The New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act provides New Jersey consumers with a greater level of protection than do some other remedies for fraud. Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act, the burden of proof is often easier to meet and potential damages are greater, as the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act allows certain defrauded and injured individuals and businesses to recover 3 times the amount of damages plus court costs and attorney's fees.

WHAT IS CONSIDERED “FRAUD” UNDER THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT?
Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act, the act, use or employment by any person of any unconscionable commercial practice, deception, fraud, false pretense, false promise, misrepresentation, or the knowing concealment, suppression, or omission of any material fact with intent that others rely upon such concealment, suppression or omission, in connection with the sale or advertisement of any merchandise or real estate, or with the subsequent performance of such person as aforesaid, whether or not any person has in fact been misled, deceived or damaged thereby, is declared to be an unlawful practice.

Generally speaking, the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act creates three categories of prohibited acts:

1. Affirmative acts -- unconscionable commercial practice, deception, fraud, false pretense, false promise or misrepresentation.

2. Knowing omissions -- concealment, suppression or omission of any material fact.

3. Violations of certain sections of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act and of regulations adopted by the New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs.

Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act, mere proof of a subsection of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act or regulatory violation establishes unlawful conduct and thus, does not require separate proof of intent to evade or violate New Jersey contract law.

DO I HAVE TO HAVE A NEW JERSEY CONTRACT TO HAVE A NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT CASE?
• You don’t always need a New Jersey oral or written contract to have a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act case.
• Privity of contract = having a New Jersey contract with someone else.
• Privity of contract is not a prerequisite to New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act standing.
• If representations are made in connection with the New Jersey sale of merchandise, indirect promises are actionable.
• Parties may conclude a New Jersey contract for the New Jersey sale of goods notwithstanding whether they agreed upon a price.
• The absence of privity of contract no longer bars a buyer from reaching through the chain of distribution to a product’s manufacturer.
• But absence of a New Jersey contract may affect a New Jersey party’s amount of New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act damages.

EXAMPLES OF CASES WHERE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD CLAIMANTS DID NOT HAVE VALID NEW JERSEY CONTRACTS BUT HAD POTENTIAL NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT CASES
• The post-repossession conduct of the assignee of retail installment New Jersey car sales contract who is not in privity with a New Jersey Consumer Fraud victim.
• A New Jersey car, New Jersey truck and New Jersey SUV New Jersey buyer sued an New Jersey used car dealership for misrepresentation of the advertisement for sale of a New Jersey car, New Jersey truck or New Jersey SUV at a specific price. Even though the parties never entered into a binding agreement, claimant’s recovered the difference between the New Jersey car, New Jersey truck or New Jersey SUV’s advertised price & that provided via a subsequent offer.
• A New Jersey car, New Jersey truck and New Jersey SUV New Jersey buyer placed a phone order with an New Jersey used car dealer but never executed a New Jersey contract for the New Jersey car, New Jersey truck and New Jersey SUV’s purchase.
• New Jersey buyers of a New Jersey home infested with termites brought a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claim against various parties, including the seller’s real estate broker. Since the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act granted a remedy to any person suffering any New Jersey ascertainable loss caused by a New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violation, claimants were entitled to relief for losses sustained from the selling broker’s concealment of termite damage.
• A builder failed to construct a house on New Jersey plaintiffs’ lot & after the construction stalled, the property owners sued the builder for damages. At a proof hearing, New Jersey plaintiffs failed to establish the existence of an enforceable contract.
• Residents of a development’s second phase brought New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claims against a builder & bank for flooding of second phase property caused by development of third phase authorized after alleged misrepresentations & omissions to the planning board. The alleged New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violations were committed “in connection with the New Jersey sale of real estate” & sufficient nexus existed between alleged misrepresentations & flooding.
• New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claims against successor landlord stepping into shoes of the original landlord that contracted with the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act claimants were viable, notwithstanding the fact that the claims arose after the New Jersey consumers’ tenancies commenced.

WHAT DAMAGES ARE AVAILABLE TO A NEW JERSEY BUSINESS THAT IS A CONSUMER FRAUD VICTIM?
If a New Jersey business proves that another business violated the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act and that the New Jersey business suffered New Jersey Consumer Fraud ascertainable loss due to the New Jersey consumer fraud, the victimized business shall be entitled to potentially recover:
• an injunction to stop the New Jersey consumer fraud
• a refund of money or return of property lost as a result of the New Jersey consumer fraud
• cancellation of a New Jersey contract that is the product of consumer fraud
• treble damages
• attorney’s fees
• litigation costs (i.e., lawsuit filing fees, postage, service fees, etc. but not expert fees).
In cases involving the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act in the context of a New Jersey breach of contract or misrepresentation, either out-of-pocket loss or a demonstration of loss in value shall generally be enough to meet the required proof of New Jersey Consumer Fraud ascertainable loss.

ARE NEW JERSEY CONTRACTS THAT VIOLATE THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT ABLE TO BE CANCELLED?
• New Jersey contracts that violate the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act and New Jersey debts that are caused by violations of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act may be cancelled by a New Jersey court. Under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act, fraudulent debts are subject to cancellation via the equitable relief afforded to New Jersey Consumer Fraud victims.
• If a merchant violates the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act so as to render the contract unenforceable, the merchant is typically precluded from recovering any profit for the services rendered & instead, might only recover via quantum meruit, if at all.
• Even recovery via quantum meruit is questionable, as those who commit New Jersey Consumer Fraud should not profit from their misconduct.
• Before filing suit on behalf of a merchant seeking to collect debts that may be the product of New Jersey Consumer Fraud, attorneys should warn their clients in writing of the possibility that, if the debt is found to be the product of New Jersey Consumer Fraud, the suit may result in their:
o recovering nothing or far less than the amount sought;
o facing a judgment for their New Jersey consumer’s fees & costs in defending the collection action, regardless of proof of any New Jersey ascertainable loss ; &
o Facing New Jersey consumer fraud treble damages for causally related New Jersey ascertainable loss.

WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OF NEW JERSEY DEBTS THAT ARE NOT ABLE TO BE COLLECTED BECAUSE THE NEW JERSEY BUSINESS OWED THE DEBT VIOLATED THE NEW JERSEY CONSUMER FRAUD ACT?
The following are some examples of New Jersey debts that are not able to be collected because the New Jersey business owed the debt violated the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act:
• Temporary help service firm not registered as a temporary help service firm with the Attorney General, sued another temporary help service firm for breach of contract for failure to pay for the first firm’s subcontractors’ services.
• NJ corporation recruiting & placing temporary computer consultants which was not registered as a temporary help service firm with the Attorney General, entered into an employment agreement with a computer consultant & sued him when he left the job.
• Mechanic’s efforts to collect on an outstanding bill via a counterclaim. Notwithstanding complete good-faith in performance, mechanic committed per se New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violations of the automotive repair New Jersey Consumer Fraud regulations. mechanic’s efforts to collect on an outstanding bill via a counterclaim. Notwithstanding his being an impressive witness & showing complete good-faith in the performance of the parties’ agreement, the mechanic committed per se New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act violations of the automotive repair New Jersey Consumer Fraud regulations & the New Jersey consumer recovered New Jersey consumer fraud treble damages, fees & costs.
• Unlicensed landscape irrigation contractor sued to collect an unpaid bill for a sprinkling system. The collection complaint was dismissed & the New Jersey consumer obtained a New Jersey consumer fraud refund & an award of fees & costs.
• Owner of cleaning & restoration franchise specializing in mitigating damage following a fire or flood filed a collection action. New Jersey plaintiff’s failure to provide a written estimate & obtain a written authorization placed the cost of his services in doubt.
NEED HELP WITH YOUR NEW JERSEY CASE?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case. Not all New Jersey cases require you to pay expensive legal fees to get legal help.

WHY SHOULD NEW JERSEY PRO SE PLAINTIFFS AND NEW JERSEY PRO SE DEFENDANTS SEEK HELP FROM A NEW JERSEY LAWYER?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants make the mistake of not consulting a New Jersey lawyer before filing New Jersey Court papers only to later learn that the New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants made serious mistakes that could cause them to lose their New Jersey case. Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT PERSONNEL FOR LEGAL ADVICE?
New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees. Most New Jersey Court employees are not trained New Jersey attorneys and therefore, they may not know what advice to give you. Working at the New Jersey Court as a non-judge is not the same as practicing law.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT FORMS PROVIDED BY THE NEW JERSEY COURT?
The New Jersey Court usually provides certain types of New Jersey Court legal forms to the public and those forms are often very helpful. However, beware relying on New Jersey Court forms provided by the New Jersey Court – the New Jersey Court forms are often deceptively simple, while New Jersey cases often are much more complex than they first appear to be. There is simply no substitute for a competent New Jersey attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey who has experience handling New Jersey cases. New Jersey Court forms don’t talk and New Jersey Court forms and their directions rarely, if ever, cover every possible situation, set of facts or legal issue that may arise in a New Jersey case. Each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges. If you can afford a competent New Jersey attorney, it is best to have the New Jersey attorney prepare your New Jersey Court paperwork for you.

CAN I HANDLE A NEW JERSEY CASE MYSELF?
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants can and do successfully handle New Jersey cases, from filing the first paperwork to the collection of a New Jersey Court judgment. However, many other New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants also make mistakes that lead to the dismissal of their New Jersey cases or that result in the entry of a New Jersey Court money judgment against them. The greater the money at stake, the greater the reason to consider using the services of a competent attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey to handle part or all of the New Jersey case. The following are reasons to use an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case:
• New Jersey Court fees often change
• New Jersey Court rules often change
• New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees
• New Jersey Court forms available on websites may not cover every situation you may face in Court
• each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges
• it is very common for New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants to file inadequate or incorrect New Jersey Court complaints that result in the New Jersey Court complaints or answers to New Jersey Court complaints being rejected by the New Jersey Court or being dismissed by the New Jersey Court after filing and before or after trial because of procedural deficiencies.
• it is not uncommon for judges to get very frustrated by an unrepresented party’s lack of preparation or ignorance of the facts or law of the New Jersey case.
• a Court has the power to punish unprepared New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants, such as by throwing their New Jersey case out of Court or limiting what they can present at the New Jersey Court trial.
• New Jersey has many published cases, laws, regulations, Court rules and rules of evidence that can be very tricky to understand and that can be used to prevent you from doing much of what you want to do at the New Jersey Court trial.
• it is very common for Courts to refuse to allow a party to use or refer to documents or items at the New Jersey Court trial that the person themselves never prepared. Often New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants stumble into New Jersey Court with a video, photograph, bill or affidavit or other form of written statement, thinking they are going to use it as proof that they lost money or that they are not responsible for someone else’s damages, only to have a New Jersey Court judge tell the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants that it is not going to even consider such items or documents.
• without the proper preparation, items and documents may never be considered by the New Jersey Court. Also, if there are any legal issues to be dealt with at the New Jersey Court trial, you must be prepared to argue them, which may require you to refer to Court rules, evidence rules, laws, regulations or published cases.
• you cannot show up at the New Jersey Court expecting the judge hearing your New Jersey case to explain Court rules, evidence rules, Court procedure or the details of the law that applies to your New Jersey case. The judge hearing your New Jersey case is not permitted to give you legal advice.

It is important to remember that even if you have an attorney, you could lose your New Jersey case. Hiring an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case does not guarantee your success. However, it may provide what is needed to win your New Jersey case or to avoid certain mistakes.

DOES THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HAVE EXPERIENCE HANDLING NEW JERSEY CASES?
Yes. Paul DePetris has performed the following tasks:
• handled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey, from Bergen County New Jersey to Cumberland County New Jersey, including representations of individuals, small businesses and large corporations.
• settled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey.
• reviewed many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• enforced many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• provided New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants with New Jersey Court legal advice and prepared New Jersey Court legal forms
• prepared and filed many New Jersey Court complaints
• tried New Jersey Court jury trials
• mediated many New Jersey cases
• argued New Jersey Court motions
• handled New Jersey Court proof hearings
• handled New Jersey Court post judgment collection proceedings

Mr. DePetris has appeared before the Superior Court of New Jersey in the following counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

IN WHAT NEW JERSEY COUNTIES WILL THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HANDLE NEW JERSEY CASES?
The Law Office of Paul DePetris offers to handle and help individuals and businesses with New Jersey Court Claims cases in North, Central and Southern New Jersey, including cases in the following New Jersey counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

WHAT IF I DON’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO HIRE AN ATTORNEY TO HANDLE MY NEW JERSEY CASE FROM BEGINNING TO END?
In many situations, the Law Office of Paul DePetris offers alternatives to handling New Jersey cases for an hourly fee, such as by offering to handle your New Jersey case up to trial for a fixed fee or to help you handle your New Jersey case by yourself. Such flexible methods may allow you to keep the amount legal fees you spend on your New Jersey case to a fixed sum, while providing you the help you need to handle your New Jersey case. For a no obligation phone consultation about what the Firm might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris.
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