Law Office Of Paul DePetris
paul@newjerseylemon.com

Defend Against Judgments

Read below to learn more about this topic.

Or, to receive a no cost phone consultation about what the Law Office of Paul DePetris might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris.

Warning – this article does not necessarily include every New Jersey court rule, code or law that may apply to your New Jersey case! The Law Office of Paul DePetris does not guarantee that the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website are the latest versions of the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms, that they lack typographical errors or that they have not changed, repealed or superseded by other federal or state law. This database may include laws that: (1) never became operable due to unmet conditions; (2) expired; (3) were repealed or amended; (4) were declared void by a court of law; (5) or are otherwise invalid. Do not rely upon the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website for any purpose! Before taking any legal action, read all applicable federal and state source law and case law and consult with an attorney for changes. Addresses, hours of operation and directions may change so be sure to check with the court in advance of mailing documents to court or going to any court!!! Some of the webpages on this site do not apply to all types of New Jersey cases, since there are different rules for different case types!

DEFENDING AGAINST SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENTS

WHAT IS A SPECIAL CIVIL MONEY JUDGMENT?
A Special Civil Money Judgment is a Judgment entered against a Special Civil defendant on a Special Civil complaint or entered against a Special Civil plaintiff on a Special Civil counterclaim for a specific amount of money. It may be entered after the granting of a Special Civil summary Judgment motion or after the entry of a Special Civil default Judgment or after the entry of a Special Civil verdict following a Special Civil trial at which one party wins their case for monetary damages. The person who is granted or awarded the Special Civil Judgment is the Special Civil Judgment creditor and the person who owes the Special Civil Judgment is the Special Civil Judgment debtor.

A SPECIAL CIVIL JUDGMENT WAS ENTERED AGAINST ME – WHAT DOES THE SPECIAL CIVIL CREDITOR DO NEXT?
The person who owes the Special Civil Judgment is called a “Judgment Debtor.” Special Civil Judgments entered in the New Jersey Special Civil Part do not collect themselves – to get a Special Civil Part Judgment collected, the Special Civil Judgment Creditor or the Special Civil Judgment Creditor’s attorney must file various papers with the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court and take various other steps. When a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment is “executed”, that means that the Special Civil Judgment is carried into effect by giving the Special Civil Judgment Creditor part or all of the Special Civil Judgment. For example, in the New Jersey Special Civil Part a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may be able to execute on a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment by having a Special Civil Court Officer seize and sell a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s property and applying the sums recovered to satisfy part or all of the Special Civil Judgment. Or, a Special Civil Judgment Creditor may ask the Special Civil Court to take money from a Special Civil Judgment Debtor’s wages to pay the Special Civil Judgment. Or, a Special Civil Judgment Creditor may ask the Special Civil Court to freeze a Special Civil Judgment Debtor’s bank account and then, to require the bank to turnover some or all of the money in the account to the Special Civil Judgment Creditor. These things happen all of the time. Ignoring a Special Civil Judgment can have serious consequences for the Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor!!! After the Special Civil Judgment Creditor submits a Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels to the New Jersey Special Civil Part and pays any necessary fee, if the form is properly completed, a Special Civil Court Officer shall likely try to execute the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment. The New Jersey Special Civil Part adds a 10 percent fee to the amount of the Special Civil Judgment to pay the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer's commission and this fee appears on the Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) and as the Special Civil Judgment is collected, is paid to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer out of the money he collects to satisfy the Special Civil Judgment. Once the New Jersey Special Civil Part issues a Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) payments are made directly to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer or the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court rather than to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor directly. The New Jersey Special Civil Part is responsible for calculating the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer’s fee, deducting it from monies collected and forwarding the balance that the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor is due to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor (to the extent that they collect any monies). If the Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) is fully satisfied, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer is supposed to return the Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) marked fully satisfied and the New Jersey Special Civil Part normally marks the satisfaction in the record of the case.

WHAT HAPPENS IF A NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART DEFAULT JUDGMENT IS ENTERED AGAINST YOU IN A NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART DEBT COLLECTION CASE AND YOU IGNORE IT?
If you ignore a Special Civil judgment entered in a New Jersey Special Civil case, the following may happen to you:
• you may be forced to answer detailed questions about the location and value of your savings, personal property and bank accounts
• you may be forced to appear for a deposition (a question and answer session conducted under oath) during which an attorney will ask you questions about the location and value of your savings, personal property and bank accounts
• your bank account may be frozen and money in it turned over to the Special Civil judgment holder
• some of your wages may be taken from you
• your personal property may be seized by the sheriff and sold to satisfy the Special Civil judgment
• a New Jersey lien may be put against a house you own
• If the New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint is for money damages caused by a motor vehicle accident and the Special Civil Judgment requires a defendant to pay $500 or more, the defendant must pay within 60 days and if they do not, the plaintiff may file papers asking the Special Civil Part to direct the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission to stop the defendant's driving and registration privileges until that judgment is paid

Often people wait until their bank account is frozen or until their wages are attached to take action – at that point it is difficult and sometimes too late to do anything to successfully stop those debt collection efforts. It is not uncommon for the New Jersey Special Civil Part to refuse to help such latecomers from taking issue with the debt collection efforts unless they file papers with the New Jersey Special Civil Part for relief. However, once a judgment is entered against you in a New Jersey Special Civil Part debt collection case, you may ask the New Jersey Special Civil Part to remove or “vacate” the Special Civil Judgment (discussed below).

CAN MY PERSONAL PROPERTY BE SOLD TO PAY A SPECIAL CIVIL JUDGMENT?
By filing the proper paperwork with the New Jersey Special Civil Part, a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor may try to collect a Special Civil Judgment. The paperwork is called a Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) and the paperwork asks the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court try to collect the money owed on a Special Civil Judgment from the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's bank account or from the personal property (such as jewelry, furniture, antiques, etc.). The Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) can’t be used: (1) if the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor only has $1,000.00 in personal property; or (2) to sell real estate to satisfy a Special Civil Judgment owed in the New Jersey Special Civil Part. To properly complete the Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution), the Special Civil Judgment Creditor needs to know about the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's personal property that might be used to satisfy the Special Civil Judgment Creditor’s Special Civil Judgment – the Special Civil Judgment Creditor needs to confirm that the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor is the only owner of the personal property to be sold and to confirm its location. When filling out the Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution), the Special Civil Judgment Creditor describes the property to be sold and state the street address where it is located.

If the property is something other than money in a bank account, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer shall attempt the Special Civil Execution by trying to sell the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s personal property at a public sale, while permitting the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor to keep $1,000 worth of personal property. If the property is money in a bank account, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer shall attempt the Special Civil Execution by trying to get the bank to freeze the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s bank account (called a “bank levy”). While it is possible for a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor to use the Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels to have a Special Civil Court Officer seize the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's automobile, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor must be able to show that the automobile is registered to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor. To find out whether the automobile is in fact registered in the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s name, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor must request the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission to provide the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor with a certified copy of the title and a certified lien search for the automobile. Once accepted by the New Jersey Special Civil Part, the Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) remains valid for two years from its issuance date and once it expires, it can be renewed. The New Jersey Special Civil Par cannot execute a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment against child support, welfare benefits, Social Security benefits or income, veterans' benefits or unemployment benefits.

CAN MY BANK ACCOUNT BE FROZEN (LEVIED) TO PAY A SPECIAL CIVIL JUDGMENT?
If the property is money in a bank account, the Special Civil Judgment Creditor usually need to state the address of the bank where the money is located and the account number of the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s account. If, through a Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution), a Special Civil Court Officer levies against the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s bank account, the money frozen in the bank account does not automatically get turned over to the Special Civil Judgment Creditor. Instead, the Special Civil Judgment Creditor must file a Special Civil motion to turn over funds with the New Jersey Special Civil Part and serve a complete copy of the Special Civil motion on both the bank where the funds are frozen and the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor. If the New Jersey Special Civil Part grants the Special Civil motion to turn over funds, once the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer receives the Special Civil order granting the Special Civil motion, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer normally acts to comply with the Special Civil order.

CAN A SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT CREDITOR COLLECT A SPECIAL CIVIL JUDGMENT BY EXECUTING AGAINST THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S WAGES?
If a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor works in New Jersey and earns more than a certain amount of money per week, the Special Civil Judgment Creditor may seek to execute against the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s wages by filing a Special Civil motion for a Special Civil wage Execution with the New Jersey Special Civil Part and serving it on the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor by both regular and certified mail. The New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor may object to the Special Civil motion being granted and if the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor objects in the manner required by the New Jersey Court Rules, the New Jersey Special Civil Part will schedule a hearing on the Special Civil motion. However, the grounds for objecting to a Special Civil wage Execution are usually quite limited. If the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor does not properly object to the Special Civil motion for a Special Civil wage Execution or the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court denies the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s objection to the Special Civil motion, the New Jersey Special Civil Part shall enter a Special Civil order for a Special Civil wage Execution. If this happens, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer is supposed to deliver the Special Civil order for the wage Execution to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's employer and the employer is supposed to follow the Special Civil order’s directions by holding back a portion of the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's pay and sending the money held back to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer, who is supposed to send it to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor.

WHAT IF THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR WANTS TO SETTLE WITH THE NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT CREDITOR AFTER THE NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT CREDITOR FILES A SPECIAL CIVIL EXECUTION AGAINST GOODS AND CHATTELS (SPECIAL CIVIL WRIT OF EXECUTION) AND AFTER THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S BANK ACCOUNT IS FROZEN?
Occasionally, after the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor files a Special Civil Execution against goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) and after a levy has been made by the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor, brought to their knees, wants to make a settlement. The New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor should be very careful about making a settlement at that point! Special Civil Court Officers who make a valid levy or who in some way helped produce payment are due their 10 percent commission on any amount paid by the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor. Accordingly, any payment the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor receives from a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor is subject to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court Officer’s commission.

WHAT IF THE NEW JERSEY JUDGMENT CREDITOR WANTS TO EXECUTE AGAINST THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S PERSONAL PROPERTY BUT DOESN’T KNOW WHERE THAT PROPERTY IS LOCATED OR WHAT IT IS?
Within certain periods of time, Special Civil Judgment creditors can serve Special Civil Judgment debtors with a Special Civil written request for the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor to disclose personal financial information (called an Special Civil Information Subpoena). The Special Civil Information Subpoena consists of a series of Special Civil written questions that the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor is asked to answer under oath. When answered truthfully and completely, the answers to the Special Civil Information Subpoena may provide the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor with the information necessary for the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor to proceed with a Special Civil Execution of goods and chattels (Special Civil writ of Execution) against the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s personal property. The New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor serves the original and one copy of the Special Civil Information Subpoena upon the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor either personally or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and simultaneously by regular mail along with self-addressed postage prepaid envelope. Within 14 days from the date on which it was served, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor must answer the Special Civil Information Subpoena and return it to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor. The Special Civil Information Subpoena may only be served once in a six month period, unless the New Jersey Special Civil Part provides its approval for more frequent use.

A New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may file a Special Civil motion with the New Jersey Special Civil Part stating the amount due on the Special Civil Judgment and asking the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court to enter a Special Civil order requiring the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor or any other person with information about the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's assets to answer questions under oath about the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s assets at a particular place and time. There are limits to the number of orders that the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may secure to compel a person to appear to answer such questions. Once the Special Civil order is entered, at least 10 days before the appearance date, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor serves a copy of the Special Civil order on the person that is required to appear to answer the questions by mailing the Special Civil order copy by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and simultaneously by regular mail.

WHAT IF A SPECIAL CIVIL JUDGMENT DEBTOR IS SERVED WITH A SPECIAL CIVIL INFORMATION SUBPOENA AND THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR FAILS TO ANSWER IT?
Many Special Civil Debtors try to ignore answering the Special Civil Information Subpoena but if they do, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may make a Special Civil motion for a Special Civil order to enforce the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor’s right to receive answers to the Special Civil Information Subpoena. That type of Special Civil motion is called a Special Civil motion to enforce litigant’s rights. While the Special Civil motion is a cumbersome process that encourages debtors to take their time answering Special Civil Information Subpoenas, if properly pursued, the Special Civil motions to enforce litigant’s rights can result in the New Jersey Special Civil Part issuing a warrant for the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s arrest and the New Jersey sheriff may thereafter arrest the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor and bring them to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Courthouse to face the Court for the failure to comply with the Special Civil Information Subpoena.

If the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor fails to fully answer and forward the Special Civil Information Subpoena within 21 days from the date it is served on the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may also file a Special Civil motion with the New Jersey Special Civil Part for a Special Civil order allowing the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor to serve a separate Special Civil Information Subpoena on banks, employers or businesses who owe the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor money.

WHAT IF A SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT CREDITOR SERVES A SPECIAL CIVIL ORDER REQUIRING SOMEONE TO APPEAR TO ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S ASSETS BUT THE PERSON REQUIRED TO APPEAR FAILS TO APPEAR?
If the person supposed to appear in the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court order does not appear where and when specified in the Special Civil order or appears but fails to provide information about the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's assets, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may file a Special Civil motion with the New Jersey Special Civil Part asking the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court to punish the person failing to appear for their committing a contempt of Court.

WHAT IF A SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT CREDITOR SERVE AN SPECIAL CIVIL INFORMATION SUBPOENA AND THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S ANSWERS ARE INCOMPLETE?
If a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor answers an Special Civil Information Subpoena but does it in a way that is evasive, thereby avoiding the obligation to provide complete answers, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may file a Special Civil motion for more specific answers to the Special Civil Information Subpoena or face a warrant for the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s arrest. If the Special Civil motion is granted and the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor fails to comply with the Special Civil order after being served with it and the New Jersey Special Civil Part thereafter issues a warrant for the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor’s arrest, the New Jersey sheriff may thereafter arrest the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor and bring them to the New Jersey Special Civil Part Courthouse to face the New Jersey Special Civil Part Court for the failure to more fully answer the Special Civil Information Subpoena.

IF THE SPECIAL CIVIL JUDGMENT IS FULLY SATISFIED, DOES THE SPECIAL CIVIL CREDITOR HAVE ANY OBLIGATIONS TO THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT DEBTOR?
If a Special Civil Judgment is fully satisfied, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor must file a document with the New Jersey Special Civil Part indicating that the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment was in fact fully satisfied. The document is called a “warrant of satisfaction.” Sometimes the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor or their attorney shall ask for a warrant of satisfaction once the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment is fully satisfied, with the intention of filing the Special Civil warrant with the New Jersey Special Civil Part. Sometimes a Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor fails to file the Special Civil warrant of satisfaction and if the Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor wants the Special Civil Judgment to be marked satisfied on their credit report or on the court’s records, the Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor may have to file a Special Civil Part motion for that type of relief.

WHAT IF A SPECIAL CIVIL PART JUDGMENT CREDITOR OR THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART COURT OFFICER CAN’T COLLECT A SPECIAL CIVIL JUDGMENT IN THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART?
If a New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor or a Special Civil Court Officer cannot collect a Special Civil Judgment in the New Jersey Special Civil Part, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor may have the Special Civil Judgment from the New Jersey Special Civil Part recorded in the Superior Court Clerk's Office in Trenton. The Special Civil Judgment is docketed by paying a fee and filing the proper papers with the Superior Court Clerk's Office in Trenton. The advantage to docketing the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment with the Superior Court Clerk's Office in Trenton is that, once properly docketed in the Superior Court, until the Special Civil Judgment is fully satisfied, the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor is unable sell with clear title any real estate owned in New Jersey. However, there is also a disadvantage to docketing the Special Civil Judgment – once docketed, the Court Officers of the New Jersey Special Civil Part can no longer help the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor to collect the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment. Instead, any further efforts that the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Creditor makes to collect the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment must be made through the New Jersey sheriff's Office in the county where the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment Debtor's assets are located. Since the New Jersey sheriff’s efforts to recover the New Jersey Special Civil Part Judgment are not rewarded through commissions on the amount they may collect, many Judgment Creditor attorneys prefer to keep the Special Civil Judgment undocketed for as long as they believe there is a chance of collecting it through the New Jersey Special Civil Part’s Court.

IF A SPECIAL CIVIL DEFAULT OR SPECIAL CIVIL DEFAULT JUDGMENT WAS ENTERED AGAINST ME AND I DIDN’T RECEIVE NOTICE OF THE SPECIAL CIVIL COMPLAINT AND HAVE A DEFENSE TO THE SPECIAL CIVIL COMPLAINT, WHAT SHOULD I DO?
If a default and/or default judgment was entered against you, you may seek to remove it, called “vacating the default” or “vacating the default judgment”. To vacate either, you must normally prepare a written motion and file the motion with the Special Civil Part asking that the default and/or default judgment be vacated. The New Jersey Special Civil Part normally has forms available at the New Jersey Special Civil Part courthouse and on the worldwide web. However, neither court forms, websites nor advice from court personnel are good substitutes for a competent attorney’s legal services. Each case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges. If you can afford an attorney, it is best to have the attorney perform the steps necessary to prepare the proper motion. Many people that prepare Special Civil motions to vacate default judgments lose because they fail to properly prepare the Special Civil motion papers. If you ignore the default, it may lead to the entry of a judgment against you. If you ignore a judgment, your bank account may be frozen and money in it turned over to the Special Civil Judgment holder, some of your wages may be taken from you, your personal property may be seized by the sheriff and sold to satisfy the Special Civil Judgment and/or a lien may be put against a house you own. If the New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint is for money damages caused by a motor vehicle accident and the Special Civil Judgment requires a defendant to pay $500 or more, the defendant must pay within 60 days and if they do not, the plaintiff may file papers asking the Special Civil Part to direct the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission to stop the defendant's driving and registration privileges until that judgment is paid.

NEED HELP WITH YOUR NEW JERSEY CASE?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case. Not all New Jersey cases require you to pay expensive legal fees to get legal help.

WHY SHOULD NEW JERSEY PRO SE PLAINTIFFS AND NEW JERSEY PRO SE DEFENDANTS SEEK HELP FROM A NEW JERSEY LAWYER?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants make the mistake of not consulting a New Jersey lawyer before filing New Jersey Court papers only to later learn that the New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants made serious mistakes that could cause them to lose their New Jersey case. Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT PERSONNEL FOR LEGAL ADVICE?
New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees. Most New Jersey Court employees are not trained New Jersey attorneys and therefore, they may not know what advice to give you. Working at the New Jersey Court as a non-judge is not the same as practicing law.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT FORMS PROVIDED BY THE NEW JERSEY COURT?
The New Jersey Court usually provides certain types of New Jersey Court legal forms to the public and those forms are often very helpful. However, beware relying on New Jersey Court forms provided by the New Jersey Court – the New Jersey Court forms are often deceptively simple, while New Jersey cases often are much more complex than they first appear to be. There is simply no substitute for a competent New Jersey attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey who has experience handling New Jersey cases. New Jersey Court forms don’t talk and New Jersey Court forms and their directions rarely, if ever, cover every possible situation, set of facts or legal issue that may arise in a New Jersey case. Each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges. If you can afford a competent New Jersey attorney, it is best to have the New Jersey attorney prepare your New Jersey Court paperwork for you.

CAN I HANDLE A NEW JERSEY CASE MYSELF?
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants can and do successfully handle New Jersey cases, from filing the first paperwork to the collection of a New Jersey Court judgment. However, many other New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants also make mistakes that lead to the dismissal of their New Jersey cases or that result in the entry of a New Jersey Court money judgment against them. The greater the money at stake, the greater the reason to consider using the services of a competent attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey to handle part or all of the New Jersey case. The following are reasons to use an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case:
• New Jersey Court fees often change
• New Jersey Court rules often change
• New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees
• New Jersey Court forms available on websites may not cover every situation you may face in Court
• each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges
• it is very common for New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants to file inadequate or incorrect New Jersey Court complaints that result in the New Jersey Court complaints or answers to New Jersey Court complaints being rejected by the New Jersey Court or being dismissed by the New Jersey Court after filing and before or after trial because of procedural deficiencies.
• it is not uncommon for judges to get very frustrated by an unrepresented party’s lack of preparation or ignorance of the facts or law of the New Jersey case.
• a Court has the power to punish unprepared New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants, such as by throwing their New Jersey case out of Court or limiting what they can present at the New Jersey Court trial.
• New Jersey has many published cases, laws, regulations, Court rules and rules of evidence that can be very tricky to understand and that can be used to prevent you from doing much of what you want to do at the New Jersey Court trial.
• it is very common for Courts to refuse to allow a party to use or refer to documents or items at the New Jersey Court trial that the person themselves never prepared. Often New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants stumble into New Jersey Court with a video, photograph, bill or affidavit or other form of written statement, thinking they are going to use it as proof that they lost money or that they are not responsible for someone else’s damages, only to have a New Jersey Court judge tell the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants that it is not going to even consider such items or documents.
• without the proper preparation, items and documents may never be considered by the New Jersey Court. Also, if there are any legal issues to be dealt with at the New Jersey Court trial, you must be prepared to argue them, which may require you to refer to Court rules, evidence rules, laws, regulations or published cases.
• you cannot show up at the New Jersey Court expecting the judge hearing your New Jersey case to explain Court rules, evidence rules, Court procedure or the details of the law that applies to your New Jersey case. The judge hearing your New Jersey case is not permitted to give you legal advice.

It is important to remember that even if you have an attorney, you could lose your New Jersey case. Hiring an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case does not guarantee your success. However, it may provide what is needed to win your New Jersey case or to avoid certain mistakes.

DOES THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HAVE EXPERIENCE HANDLING NEW JERSEY CASES?
Yes. Paul DePetris has performed the following tasks:
• handled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey, from Bergen County New Jersey to Cumberland County New Jersey, including representations of individuals, small businesses and large corporations.
• settled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey.
• reviewed many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• enforced many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• provided New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants with New Jersey Court legal advice and prepared New Jersey Court legal forms
• prepared and filed many New Jersey Court complaints
• tried New Jersey Court jury trials
• mediated many New Jersey cases
• argued New Jersey Court motions
• handled New Jersey Court proof hearings
• handled New Jersey Court post judgment collection proceedings

Mr. DePetris has appeared before the Superior Court of New Jersey in the following counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

IN WHAT NEW JERSEY COUNTIES WILL THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HANDLE NEW JERSEY CASES?
The Law Office of Paul DePetris offers to handle and help individuals and businesses with New Jersey Court Claims cases in North, Central and Southern New Jersey, including cases in the following New Jersey counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

WHAT IF I DON’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO HIRE AN ATTORNEY TO HANDLE MY NEW JERSEY CASE FROM BEGINNING TO END?
In many situations, the Law Office of Paul DePetris offers alternatives to handling New Jersey cases for an hourly fee, such as by offering to handle your New Jersey case up to trial for a fixed fee or to help you handle your New Jersey case by yourself. Such flexible methods may allow you to keep the amount legal fees you spend on your New Jersey case to a fixed sum, while providing you the help you need to handle your New Jersey case. For a no obligation phone consultation about what the Firm might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris.
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