Law Office Of Paul DePetris
paul@newjerseylemon.com

Lemon Law Rules

Read below to learn more about this topic.

Or, to receive a no cost phone consultation about what the Law Office of Paul DePetris might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris at paul@newjerseylemon.com.

The information in this article is only for New Jersey Law Division, Civil Part cases and not for other New Jersey court cases, such as those in New Jersey Special Civil Court, New Jersey Small Claims Court or New Jersey Chancery Court!!! Do not use this article if you have a New Jersey Special Civil Court, New Jersey Small Claims Court or New Jersey Chancery Court case!!! Also, no website is a substitute for competent advice from a New Jersey lawyer!

Warning – this article does not necessarily include each and every New Jersey court rule that may apply to your New Jersey case! The Law Office of Paul DePetris does not guarantee that the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website are the latest versions of the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms, that they lack typographical errors or that they have not been amended, repealed or superseded by other federal or state law. The New Jersey Statutes, United States Statutes, New Jersey Administrative Code and Federal Code in this database are not annotated. Accordingly, this database may include laws that: (1) never became operable due to unmet conditions; (2) expired; (3) were repealed or amended; (4) were declared void by a court of law; (5) or are otherwise invalid. Further, effective dates of the laws are not necessarily included in the database. Accordingly, you should not rely upon the statutes, rules, codes, files or forms on this website contained in this database for any purpose and before taking any legal measures, you instead should read all applicable federal and state source law and case law and consult with an attorney for any changes in the laws. Be certain to cross reference all applicable rules before preparing, filing or serving any papers!!! For example, Special Civil Part Rules often cross reference other rules – rules that apply to Special Civil Part Cases as well as to other types of civil cases not being heard in Special Civil Part.

NEW JERSEY LEMON LAW REGULATIONS

SUBCHAPTER 26. AUTOMOTIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION
13:45A-26.1 Purpose and scope
(a) The purpose of this subchapter is to implement the Lemon Law, P.L. 1988, c.123, by establishing an automotive
dispute resolution system within the Division of Consumer Affairs in conjunction with the Office of Administrative
Law. The subchapter also sets forth the method of refund computation, and details the reporting requirements and
procedure for publication of compliance records of manufacturers of motor vehicles.
(b) This subchapter is applicable to:
1. All manufacturers of passenger cars and motorcycles registered, sold or leased in the State of New Jersey;
2. All purchasers and lessees of passenger cars and motorcycles registered, sold or leased in the State of New
Jersey; and
3. Dealers servicing such vehicles whether their service facilities are located within or outside of the State.
13:45A-26.2 Definitions
As used in this subchapter, the following words shall have the following meanings:
“Days” means calendar days.
“Director” means the Director of the Division of Consumer Affairs.
“Dispute Resolution System” means a procedure established by the Division of Consumer Affairs and the Office of
Administrative Law for the resolution of disputes regarding motor vehicle nonconformity(s) through summary administrative
hearings.
“Lemon Law” means P.L. 1988, c.123, an Act concerning new motor warranties and repealing P.L. 1983, c.215, as
amended by P.L. 1993, c.21.
“Lemon Law Unit” (“LLU”) means the administrative unit within the Division of Consumer Affairs that processes
Lemon Law matters.
“Motor vehicle” means a passenger automobile or motorcycle as defined in N.J.S.A. 39:1-1, that is registered, sold or
leased in the State of New Jersey, whether purchased, leased, or repaired in the State or outside the State.
“Nonconformity” means a defect or condition which substantially impairs the use, value or safety of a motor vehicle.
“OAL” means the Office of Administrative Law.
“Out of service” means the number of days the defective motor vehicle is on the premises of a repair facility for the
purpose of repairing one or more nonconformities; delays caused by the consumer, such as a delay in picking up the motor
vehicle from the facility after notification that it is ready, shall not be counted as days out of service.
“Term of protection” means within the first 18,000 miles of operation or the two years following the original date of
delivery of the motor vehicle to the consumer, whichever is the earlier date.
“Title” means the certificate of ownership of a motor vehicle.
13:45A-26.3 Statements to consumer; other notices
(a) At the time of purchase or lease of a motor vehicle in the State of New Jersey, the manufacturer, through its dealer or
lessor, shall provide the following written statement directly to the consumer on a separate piece of paper, in 10-point
bold-face type:
“IMPORTANT: IF THIS VEHICLE IS DEFECTIVE, YOU MAY BE ENTITLED UNDER NEW JERSEY LAW
TO A REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE OR YOUR LEASE PAYMENTS. FOR COMPLETE INFORMATION
REGARDING YOUR RIGHTS AND REMEDIES UNDER THE RELEVANT LAW, CONTACT THE NEW
JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF LAW AND PUBLIC SAFETY, DIVISION OF CONSUMER AFFAIRS, LEMON
LAW UNIT, AT POST OFFICE BOX 45026, NEWARK, NEW JERSEY 07101, TEL. NO. (973) 504-6226.”
The manufacturer, through its dealer or lessor, shall maintain a record substantiating compliance with this section
and shall make the record available to the Division upon request.
(b) If a motor vehicle is returned to the manufacturer under the provisions of the Lemon Law or a similar statute of
another state or as the result of a legal action or an informal dispute settlement procedure, the motor vehicle shall not
be resold or released in New Jersey unless the following steps are taken:
1. Immediately upon receipt of the vehicle, the manufacturer, its agent, or a dealer who accepts the vehicle shall
cause the words “R--RETURNED TO MANUFACTURER UNDER LEMON LAW OR OTHER PROCEEDING”
to be clearly and conspicuously stamped on the face of the original certificate of title, the manufacturer’s
statement of origin, or other evidence of ownership.
2. Within 10 days of receipt of the vehicle, the manufacturer, its agent, or a dealer who accepts the vehicle shall
submit a copy of the stamped document to the Special Title Section of the Division of Motor Vehicles to
indicate that title to the vehicle shall be permanently branded.
3. The manufacturer shall provide to the dealer or lessor, and the dealer or lessor shall provide to the consumer
prior to the resale or release of the motor vehicle a copy for the consumer’s records of the following statement
on a separate piece of paper, in 10-point boldface type:
NOTICE OF NONCONFORMITY
“IMPORTANT: THIS VEHICLE WAS RETURNED TO THE MANUFACTURER BECAUSE
IT DID NOT CONFORM TO THE MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTY AND THE NONCONFORMITY
WAS NOT CORRECTED WITHIN A REASONABLE TIME AS PROVIDED BY
LAW.”
(This notice is required under the New Jersey “Lemon Law”, N.J.S.A. 56:12-1 et seq., for vehicles that have
been replaced or repurchased by the manufacturer as the result of any one of the following: a court judgment,
or a final decision pursuant to a hearing or settlement by the Office of Administrative Law, or an arbitration
proceeding between the manufacturer or its agent and a consumer.)
4. Upon delivery to the consumer of the statement in (b)3 above the dealer or lessor shall obtain from the consumer
a signed receipt, on a separate sheet of paper, which shall state the following, in underlined 10-point
boldface type:
“I ACKNOWLEDGE RECEIPT OF NOTICE OF NONCONFORMITY OF THIS VEHICLE,
VIN NO. __________ AS REQUIRED BY N.J.S.A. 56:12-35 (THE ‘LEMON LAW’).”
Alternatively, the dealer or lessor may fulfill this requirement by making the following notation in underlined
boldface type on the front page of the vehicle buyer order form or the lease form:
“NOTICE OF NONCONFORMITY OF THIS VEHICLE, VIN NO. __________, HAS BEEN
PROVIDED TO THE PURCHASER OR LESSEE, AS REQUIRED BY N.J.S.A. 56:12-35 (THE
‘LEMON LAW’).”
5. The manufacturer, dealer or lessor shall notify the Special Title Section of the Division of Motor Vehicles of the
resale or release of the vehicle by requesting transfer of the branded title to the new owner or lessor, in writing.
(c) Each time a consumer’s motor vehicle is returned from being examined or repaired during the term of protection, the
manufacturer through its dealer shall provide to the consumer an itemized, legible statement of repair which indicates
any diagnosis made and all work performed on the vehicle; the statement of repair shall provide at least the
following information:
1. A description or identification of the problem reported by the consumer or an identification of the defect or
condition;
2. A specific description of the repair work performed.
3. The amount charged for parts and the amount charged for labor, if paid by the consumer;
4. The date and the odometer reading when the vehicle was submitted for repair; and
5. The date and the odometer reading when the vehicle was made available to the consumer.
(d) Failure to comply with the provisions of this section shall be a violation of the Consumer Fraud Act, N.J.S.A. 56:8-1
et seq.
13:45A-26.4 Lemon Law Unit
(a) There is established within the Division of Consumer Affairs a section processing Lemon Law matters, to be known
as the Lemon Law Unit (LLU).
(b) The Lemon Law Unit shall upon request provide consumers with a brochure setting forth:
1. Information regarding a consumer’s rights and remedies under the relevant law; and
2. The procedure to be followed in order to participate in the various dispute resolution systems.
(c) All correspondence by consumers or manufacturers to the Division of Consumer Affairs regarding Lemon Law
matters shall be directed to the attention of the Lemon Law Unit, as follows:
Division of Consumer Affairs
Lemon Law Unit
Post Office Box 45026
Newark, New Jersey 07101
Telephone (973) 504-6226
13:45A-26.5 Preliminary steps
(a) To initiate a claim under the Lemon Law, written notification of the potential claim must be sent certified mail, return
receipt requested, by or on behalf of a consumer, to the manufacturer of a nonconforming motor vehicle if either of
the following occurs during the first 18,000 miles of operation or within 24 months after the date of original delivery,
whichever is earlier:
1. Substantially the same nonconformity has been subject to repair two or more times by the manufacturer or its
dealer and the nonconformity continues to exist; or
2. The motor vehicle has been out of service by reason of repair for one or more nonconformities for a cumulative
total of 20 or more days since the original delivery of the motor vehicle, and a nonconformity continues to exist.
(b) The manufacturer by law has one more opportunity to repair or correct the nonconformity within 10 days following
receipt of notification from the consumer of a potential claim; if the nonconformity continues to exist after expiration
of the 10-day time period and the manufacturer refuses to replace or refund the price of the vehicle, the criteria
necessary to pursue a Lemon Law claim have been met. The consumer may then:
1. Refer the matter to the manufacturer for resolution through the manufacturer’s informal dispute settlement
procedure;
2. Refer the matter to the LLU for dispute resolution; or
3. File an action in the Superior Court. Any party to an action asserting a claim, counterclaim or defense based
upon violations of the Lemon Law shall mail a copy of the initial or responsive pleading containing the claim,
counterclaim or defense to the Attorney General within 10 days after filing the pleading with the court.
13:45A-26.6 Eligibility
(a) To be eligible for the Dispute Resolution System, a consumer must provide the following items to the LLU by
certified mail, return receipt requested:
1. A photocopy of the consumer’s notification to the manufacturer of a potential claim; and
2. A completed Application for Dispute Resolution; the form will be supplied upon request by the LLU.
(b) During any periods when forms are not available, any written request for dispute resolution shall be accepted by the
LLU provided all information, items and statements listed in N.J.A.C. 13:45A-26.7 are included.
(c) A consumer is eligible for dispute resolution by the Division as to a specific motor vehicle only once; no further
applications from that consumer relating to the same motor vehicle will be accepted if a final decision has been
rendered pursuant to N.J.A.C. 13:45A-26.12(b).
13:45A-26.7 Application
(a) Application for dispute resolution shall require submission of the following:
1. Information as follows:
i. The name and address of the consumer and lienholder, if any;
ii. The date of original delivery of the motor vehicle to the consumer;
iii. The mileage on the date the nonconformity was first reported to the manufacturer or its dealer; and
iv. The mileage on the date the application is mailed back to LLU.
2. A written account of the events resulting in the dispute, including description of the claimed nonconformity(s)
and a chronology of the repair attempts.
3. A photocopy of the notification of a potential claim sent by or on behalf of the consumer to the manufacturer
after two or more attempts to repair or 20 calendar days out of service, and a photocopy of the return receipt
signed by the manufacturer’s agent.
4. Photocopies of the statements of repair required by section 6(b) of the Lemon Law, to be given to the consumer
by the manufacturer through its dealer, each time a motor vehicle is returned from being examined or repaired.
5. Photocopies of the agreement of sale or lease, including any stated credit or allowance for the consumer’s used
motor vehicle, the receipt for payment of any options or other modifications arranged, installed or made by the
manufacturer or its dealer within 30 days after the date of original delivery, receipts for any other charges or
fees including but not limited to:
i. Sales tax;
ii. License and registration fees;
iii. Finance charges;
iv. Towing;
v. Rental of a motor vehicle equivalent to the consumer’s motor vehicle for the period when the consumer’s
motor vehicle was out of service due to a nonconformity; and
vi. Any other documents related to the dispute.
(b) The application must contain a statement as to the following:
1. That the consumer believes the motor vehicle’s use, market value or safety is substantially impaired by the
nonconformity(s) complained of;
2. That the nonconformity(s) complained of is not the result of abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modifications of
the motor vehicle by anyone other than the manufacturer or its dealer;
3. That within the term of protection the manufacturer, its agent or authorized dealer failed in at least two attempts
to correct the same substantial defect, or the vehicle was out of service by reason of repair for at least 20 days;
4. That within the term of protection the consumer gave the manufacturer written notification by certified mail,
return receipt requested, of a potential claim pursuant to the Lemon Law, section 5(b); and
5. That within the term of protection:
i. The consumer gave the manufacturer or its dealer at least three attempts (including the post-notification
attempt) to repair substantially the same nonconformity and the nonconformity continues to exist; or
ii. The vehicle was out of service by reason of repair for one or more nonconformities for a cumulative total of
20 or more days since the original delivery of the motor vehicle, the manufacturer has been given the postnotification
opportunity to repair, and a nonconformity continues to exist.
13:45A-26.8 Filing fee
(a) A consumer whose application for dispute resolution is accepted by the Division shall pay a filing fee of $50.00 by
certified check or money order payable to the “New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs”. The filing fee shall be
nonrefundable but is recoverable as a cost if the consumer prevails.
(b) The filing fee shall be requested by the LLU when it has determined that the consumer’s application is complete and
that it complies with this subchapter and the Lemon Law.
13:45A-26.9 Processing of applications
(a) Submitted applications shall be reviewed by the LLU for completeness and compliance with the Lemon Law and
this subchapter.
1. Incomplete applications shall be promptly returned for completion to the consumer.
2. Applications not in compliance with this subchapter and the Lemon Law (including but not limited to the
required number of repair attempts or the number of days out of service) will be rejected. The reason for the
rejection will be sent to the consumer. No judgment will be made by the LLU as to whether the claimed
defect(s) are substantiated by the evidence or whether they substantially impair the use, market value or safety
of a motor vehicle.
(b) Upon receipt of the filing fee of $50.00, the application shall be date-stamped to indicate its acceptance for dispute
resolution.
13:45A-26.10 Notification and scheduling of hearings
(a) Within 10 days after the effective date of this subchapter, each manufacturer of motor vehicles sold or leased in New
Jersey shall forward to the Division of Consumer Affairs, Lemon Law Unit, the name, address, and telephone number
of the person designated by the manufacturer to receive notices under this dispute resolution process. It shall be
the duty of the manufacturer to update this information, as necessary.
(b) On the day that an application is accepted for resolution by the LLU, a notice shall be sent by certified mail, return
receipt requested by the LLU to the consumer and manufacturer’s designee. This notice shall indicate that the
consumer’s request for resolution has been accepted, and shall provide general information about the resolution
process.
(c) The LLU shall immediately thereafter refer an accepted application for dispute resolution to the OAL and arrange a
hearing date acceptable to all parties. The dispute resolution shall be conducted as a contested case by the OAL in
accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act, N.J.S.A. 52:14B-1 et seq., the Uniform Administrative Procedure
Rules, N.J.A.C. 1:1, and Special Rules, N.J.A.C. 1:13A.
(d) The date of the hearing shall be no later than 20 days from the date of the notice of acceptance unless a later date is
agreed to by the consumer.
(e) Notice of the date, time, and location of the hearing shall be mailed by the OAL to both parties.
(f) A copy of the application materials shall be sent by the LLU simultaneously with the notice of acceptance of the
application, to the manufacturer’s designee. Within 10 days of the notice of acceptance of the consumer’s application
for dispute resolution, the manufacturer shall mail by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the consumer
and to the Clerk of the Office of Administrative Law at 185 Washington Street, Newark, New Jersey 07102, a
response to each of the statements set forth in the consumer application.
(g) Applications by the consumer or the manufacturer with consent of the consumer for adjournments or rescheduling of
the hearing shall be made in accordance with N.J.A.C. 1:1-9.6.
13:45A-26.11 Computation of refund
(a) The refund claimed by a consumer pursuant to section 4(a) of the Lemon Law, whether through the Division of
Consumer Affairs automotive dispute resolution system or a manufacturer’s informal dispute resolution process,
shall include:
1. The total purchase or lease price of the motor vehicle including finance charges, sales tax, license fees, registration
fees, and any stated credit or allowance for the consumer’s used motor vehicle, provided that:
i. The full refund of purchase price that may be claimed by a consumer under section 4(a) shall not include any
portion of a stated credit or allowance for the consumer’s used motor vehicle that grossly exceeds the true
value of the consumer’s used motor vehicle.
ii. During the Office of Administrative Law hearing, a manufacturer may challenge the stated credit or allowance
for the consumer’s used motor vehicle. The manufacturer shall bear the burden of proof, and shall
provide evidence that the purchase price included a trade-in allowance grossly disproportionate in amount
to the true value of the consumer’s used motor vehicle. Such evidence shall include, but not be limited to,
the value of the motor vehicle as listed in the N.A.D.A. Official Used Car Guide.
2. The cost of any options or other modification arranged, installed or made by the manufacturer or its dealer
within 30 days after the date of original delivery.
3. Other charges or fees, including, but not limited to:
i. Reimbursement for towing, if any;
ii. Reimbursement for actual expenses incurred by the consumer for the rental of a motor vehicle equivalent to
the consumer’s motor vehicle for the period during which the consumer’s motor vehicle was out of service
due to a nonconformity;
iii. Filing fee for participation in the Division’s dispute resolution system; and
iv. Reimbursement for reasonable attorney’s fees, fees for reports prepared by expert witnesses, and costs.
(b) From the total sum of the items in (a) above, a deduction shall be made, representing an allowance for vehicle use.
This deduction shall be calculated as follows:
1. Multiply the mileage at the time the consumer first presented the motor vehicle to the dealer or manufacturer
for correction of the nonconformity(s) in question by the total purchase price of the vehicle (or the total lease
price, if applicable), then divide by 100,000 miles.
13:45A-26.12 Final decision
(a) The Director shall review the OAL proposed decision submitted by the administrative law judge who conducts the
administrative hearing and shall adopt, reject, or modify the decision no later than 15 days after receipt.
(b) At the conclusion of the 15-day review period, the Director shall mail notification of the rejected, modified or
adopted decision to both parties, the lien-holder, if any, the OAL, and, if the vehicle in question is to be returned to
the manufacturer, the Special Title Section of the DMV. The mailing to the manufacturer and consumer shall be by
certified mail, return receipt requested. Within 45 days of receipt of the final decision, any party may file an appeal
in the Appellate Division of the Superior Court.
(c) The manufacturer shall advise the Director as to its compliance with the final decision no later than 10 days following
the date stated for completion of all awarded remedies.
(d) If the manufacturer unreasonably fails to comply with the decision within the specified time period, the manufacturer
shall be liable for penalties in the amount of $5000 for each day the manufacturer unreasonably fails to comply,
commencing on the day after the specified date for completion of all awarded remedies.
13:45A-26.13 Appeals
(a) A manufacturer or a consumer may appeal a final decision to the Appellate Division of Superior Court; a notice of
appeal must be filed with the Director no later than 45 days after the date of the final decision as defined in N.J.A.C.
13:45A-26.12(b).
(b) An appeal by a manufacturer shall not be heard unless the notice of appeal is accompanied by a bond which shall be:
1. For a principal sum equal to the money award made by the administrative law judge, plus $2500 for anticipated
attorney’s fees and other costs;
2. Secured by cash or its equivalent; and
3. Payable to the consumer.
13:45A-26.14 Manufacturer’s reporting requirements
(a) The LLU shall compile a roster of American and foreign manufacturers of passenger automobiles and motorcycles
registered, sold or leased in New Jersey.
(b) Manufacturers who establish or participate in an informal dispute settlement procedure shall within 30 days after the
effective date of this subchapter:
1. Advise the LLU of the existence of its informal dispute settlement procedure; and
2. Send the LLU an outline of the steps that a consumer must take in order to participate in the manufacturer’s
informal dispute resolution procedure; the information shall include all necessary addresses and phone numbers.
(c) On January 15 and July 15 of every year, the LLU shall mail a questionnaire by certified mail, return receipt requested,
to every manufacturer on the roster compiled pursuant to (a) above, requesting the following information:
1. Any and all informal dispute settlement procedures utilized by the manufacturer. If the informal dispute settlement
procedure is an in-house customer assistance mechanism or private arbitration or private buy-back program
instituted by the manufacturer, the information provided shall include the reasons for establishing and
maintaining such programs.
2. The number of purchase price and lease price refunds requested, the number awarded by any dispute settlement
body or other settlement procedure identified in (c)1 above, the amount of each award and the number of
awards satisfied in a timely manner.
3. The number of awards in which additional repairs or a warranty extension was the remedy, the amount or value
of each award, and the number of awards satisfied in a timely manner;
4. The number and total dollar amount of awards in which some form of reimbursement for expenses or compensation
for losses was the remedy, the amount or value of each award and the number of awards satisfied in a
timely manner;
5. The average number of days from the date of a consumer’s initial request to use the manufacturer’s informal
dispute settlement procedure until the date of the decision and the average number of days from the date of the
design to the date on which performance of the award was satisfied; and
6. A list of all motor vehicles and their Vehicle Identification Numbers stamped with “R--RETURNED TO MANUFACTURER
UNDER LEMON LAW OR OTHER PROCEEDING,” which have been reported to the MRS
Special Title Section during the previous six months.
(d) Failure of the manufacturer to return the completed questionnaire to the LLU within 60 days of receipt shall be a
violation of this subchapter and the Consumer Fraud Act, N.J.S.A. 56:8-1 et seq.
13:45A-26.15 Index of disputes
(a) The Division of Consumer Affairs shall maintain an index of all motor vehicle disputes by make and model and shall
compile and maintain statistics indicating the record of manufacturer compliance with any settlement procedure
decisions.
(b) The initial index and statistical record of compliance shall be made available to the public on July 1, 1990 and every
six months thereafter.

NEED HELP WITH YOUR NEW JERSEY CASE?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case. Not all New Jersey cases require you to pay expensive legal fees to get legal help.

WHY SHOULD NEW JERSEY PRO SE PLAINTIFFS AND NEW JERSEY PRO SE DEFENDANTS SEEK HELP FROM A NEW JERSEY LAWYER?
Handling your New Jersey case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent New Jersey lawyer!
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants make the mistake of not consulting a New Jersey lawyer before filing New Jersey Court papers only to later learn that the New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants made serious mistakes that could cause them to lose their New Jersey case. Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your New Jersey case.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT PERSONNEL FOR LEGAL ADVICE?
New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees. Most New Jersey Court employees are not trained New Jersey attorneys and therefore, they may not know what advice to give you. Working at the New Jersey Court as a non-judge is not the same as practicing law.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY COURT FORMS PROVIDED BY THE NEW JERSEY COURT?
The New Jersey Court usually provides certain types of New Jersey Court legal forms to the public and those forms are often very helpful. However, beware relying on New Jersey Court forms provided by the New Jersey Court – the New Jersey Court forms are often deceptively simple, while New Jersey cases often are much more complex than they first appear to be. There is simply no substitute for a competent New Jersey attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey who has experience handling New Jersey cases. New Jersey Court forms don’t talk and New Jersey Court forms and their directions rarely, if ever, cover every possible situation, set of facts or legal issue that may arise in a New Jersey case. Each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges. If you can afford a competent New Jersey attorney, it is best to have the New Jersey attorney prepare your New Jersey Court paperwork for you.

CAN I HANDLE A NEW JERSEY CASE MYSELF?
Many New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants can and do successfully handle New Jersey cases, from filing the first paperwork to the collection of a New Jersey Court judgment. However, many other New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants also make mistakes that lead to the dismissal of their New Jersey cases or that result in the entry of a New Jersey Court money judgment against them. The greater the money at stake, the greater the reason to consider using the services of a competent attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey to handle part or all of the New Jersey case. The following are reasons to use an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case:
• New Jersey Court fees often change
• New Jersey Court rules often change
• New Jersey Court employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a New Jersey Court judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees
• New Jersey Court forms available on websites may not cover every situation you may face in Court
• each New Jersey case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges
• it is very common for New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants to file inadequate or incorrect New Jersey Court complaints that result in the New Jersey Court complaints or answers to New Jersey Court complaints being rejected by the New Jersey Court or being dismissed by the New Jersey Court after filing and before or after trial because of procedural deficiencies.
• it is not uncommon for judges to get very frustrated by an unrepresented party’s lack of preparation or ignorance of the facts or law of the New Jersey case.
• a Court has the power to punish unprepared New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants, such as by throwing their New Jersey case out of Court or limiting what they can present at the New Jersey Court trial.
• New Jersey has many published cases, laws, regulations, Court rules and rules of evidence that can be very tricky to understand and that can be used to prevent you from doing much of what you want to do at the New Jersey Court trial.
• it is very common for Courts to refuse to allow a party to use or refer to documents or items at the New Jersey Court trial that the person themselves never prepared. Often New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants stumble into New Jersey Court with a video, photograph, bill or affidavit or other form of written statement, thinking they are going to use it as proof that they lost money or that they are not responsible for someone else’s damages, only to have a New Jersey Court judge tell the New Jersey plaintiffs and New Jersey defendants that it is not going to even consider such items or documents.
• without the proper preparation, items and documents may never be considered by the New Jersey Court. Also, if there are any legal issues to be dealt with at the New Jersey Court trial, you must be prepared to argue them, which may require you to refer to Court rules, evidence rules, laws, regulations or published cases.
• you cannot show up at the New Jersey Court expecting the judge hearing your New Jersey case to explain Court rules, evidence rules, Court procedure or the details of the law that applies to your New Jersey case. The judge hearing your New Jersey case is not permitted to give you legal advice.

It is important to remember that even if you have an attorney, you could lose your New Jersey case. Hiring an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey case does not guarantee your success. However, it may provide what is needed to win your New Jersey case or to avoid certain mistakes.

DOES THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HAVE EXPERIENCE HANDLING NEW JERSEY CASES?
Yes. Paul DePetris has performed the following tasks:
• handled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey, from Bergen County New Jersey to Cumberland County New Jersey, including representations of individuals, small businesses and large corporations.
• settled New Jersey cases for plaintiffs and defendants across New Jersey.
• reviewed many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• enforced many New Jersey Court settlement agreements.
• provided New Jersey pro se plaintiffs and New Jersey pro se defendants with New Jersey Court legal advice and prepared New Jersey Court legal forms
• prepared and filed many New Jersey Court complaints
• tried New Jersey Court jury trials
• mediated many New Jersey cases
• argued New Jersey Court motions
• handled New Jersey Court proof hearings
• handled New Jersey Court post judgment collection proceedings

Mr. DePetris has appeared before the Superior Court of New Jersey in the following counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

IN WHAT NEW JERSEY COUNTIES WILL THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HANDLE NEW JERSEY CASES?
The Law Office of Paul DePetris offers to handle and help individuals and businesses with New Jersey Court Claims cases in North, Central and Southern New Jersey, including cases in the following New Jersey counties:
• Atlantic County New Jersey Court
• Bergen County New Jersey Court
• Burlington County New Jersey Court
• Camden County New Jersey Court
• Cape May County New Jersey Court
• Cumberland County New Jersey Court
• Essex County New Jersey Court
• Gloucester County New Jersey Court
• Hudson County New Jersey Court
• Mercer County New Jersey Court
• Middlesex County New Jersey Court
• Monmouth County New Jersey Court
• Morris County New Jersey Court
• Ocean County New Jersey Court
• Passaic County New Jersey Court
• Salem County New Jersey Court
• Somerset County New Jersey Court
• Sussex County New Jersey Court
• Union County New Jersey Court
• Warren County New Jersey Court

WHAT IF I DON’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO HIRE AN ATTORNEY TO HANDLE MY NEW JERSEY CASE FROM BEGINNING TO END?
In many situations, the Law Office of Paul DePetris offers alternatives to handling New Jersey cases for an hourly fee, such as by offering to handle your New Jersey case up to trial for a fixed fee or to help you handle your New Jersey case by yourself. Such flexible methods may allow you to keep the amount legal fees you spend on your New Jersey case to a fixed sum, while providing you the help you need to handle your New Jersey case. For a no obligation phone consultation about what the Firm might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris.
Website Builder